664 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 is necessary but mTORC2 and GSK3β are inhibitory for AKT3-induced axon regeneration in the central nervous system

    Linqing Miao et al.
    The kinase AKT acts as a nodal point that coordinates both positive and negative cues to regulate the regeneration of central nervous system axons in adult mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of a critical sulfation in chondroitin that inhibits axonal regeneration

    Craig S Pearson et al.
    4-sulfation at the non-reducing end of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains is essential for inhibition of axonal growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monitoring ATP dynamics in electrically active white matter tracts

    Andrea Trevisiol et al.
    ATP imaging of spiking optic nerve axons in real time reveals correlation between ATP levels and electrical activity as well as contribution of lactate metabolism to axonal ATP homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase-dependent PERK activation contributes to neuronal degeneration following insult

    Martin Larhammar et al.
    Two seemingly distinct cellular stress response pathways that contribute to neurodegeneration after axonal insults are now revealed to be under the control of a single master regulator of the neuronal injury response, the kinase DLK.
    1. Neuroscience

    Silicone oil-induced ocular hypertension and glaucomatous neurodegeneration in mouse

    Jie Zhang et al.
    An effective and reversible mouse glaucoma model that replicates the secondary glaucoma in human patients caused by silicone oil after retina surgeries presents significant neurodegeneration, and is suitable for neuroprotectants selection.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Node of Ranvier length as a potential regulator of myelinated axon conduction speed

    I Lorena Arancibia-Cárcamo et al.
    Node of Ranvier length is similar at successive nodes along single myelinated CNS axons, but differs between axons, and could potentially be tuned to adjust the conduction velocity of each axon.
    1. Neuroscience

    PI(3,5)P2 biosynthesis regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation by intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms

    Yevgeniya A Mironova et al.
    The signaling lipid PI(3,5)P2 supports the formation of the myelin sheath, by regulating trafficking of myelin building blocks within oligodendrocytes and communication between oligodendrocytes and neuronal axons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial SIRPα regulates the emergence of CD11c+ microglia and demyelination damage in white matter

    Miho Sato-Hashimoto et al.
    A cell-cell contact between microglial SIRPα and CD47 on neighboring cells is a critical module for phase conversion of microglia in the brain white matter and controls demyelination.

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