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    1. Neuroscience

    CELF RNA binding proteins promote axon regeneration in C. elegans and mammals through alternative splicing of Syntaxins

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Genetics and genomics approaches reveal a conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that promotes adult axon regeneration from worm to mammals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases dictate the depth of axonal stabilizing layer in the visual system

    Satoko Hakeda-Suzuki et al.
    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases having overlapping function for the determination of the final axon stabilizing layer is encoded for their cumulative cytoplasmic activity and ligand specificity in the visual system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A Bayesian approach to dynamic homology of morphological characters and the ancestral phenotype of jawed vertebrates

    Benedict King, Martin Rücklin
    The ancestor of all known jawed vertebrates possessed a maxilla and premaxilla and was similar in morphology to the 'maxillate placoderms' from China.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological augmentation of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) protects against paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy

    Peter M LoCoco et al.
    Stimulation of the rate-limiting enzyme in the NAD salvage pathway protected against neurotoxicity and subsequent peripheral neuropathy associated with the widely utilized anticancer drug, paclitaxel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual function of the PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 axis in myelination of the peripheral nervous system

    Gianluca Figlia et al.
    High PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity inhibits Schwann cell differentiation, while after onset of myelination, residual PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity promotes myelin growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory cortical feedback loop gates retinal wave transmission in rodent thalamus

    Yasunobu Murata, Matthew T Colonnese
    The absence of functional inhibition is a developmentally transient circuit property of corticothalamic feedback that is essential for the central transmission of spontaneous retinal waves.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA neurons in the ventral tegmental area regulate non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice

    Srikanta Chowdhury et al.
    Functional identification of GABAergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area as a important neuronal subpopulation regulating non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metal microdrive and head cap system for silicon probe recovery in freely moving rodent

    Mihály Vöröslakos et al.
    A reusable system of 3D printed stainless steel microdrive and plastic head cap allows stable recording of electrophysiological data in mice and rats and easy recovery of silicon probes.