108 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupillometry: Consciousness reflected in the eyes

    Woon Ju Park et al.
    People with higher autistic traits display stronger fluctuations in pupil size when presented with an optical illusion.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Orphan receptor GPR158 controls stress-induced depression

    Laurie P Sutton et al.
    The orphan receptor GPR158 is highly regulated by stress exposure and acts on key neuronal signaling pathways in the prefrontal cortex to control depressive-like behaviors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-dependent recurrent dynamics in visual cortex

    Satohiro Tajima et al.
    A decoding-based, state-space reconstruction reveals that neurons in macaque IT cortex change the structure of their collective attractor dynamics depending on task contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel perivascular cell population in the zebrafish brain

    Marina Venero Galanternik et al.
    A new brain perivascular cell type in the zebrafish related to mammalian Fluorescent Granular Perithelial (FGP) cells emerges directly from endothelium during early development.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Developmental Biology
    3. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Flatworm-specific transcriptional regulators promote the specification of tegumental progenitors in Schistosoma mansoni

    George R Wendt et al.
    The specification of tegumental progenitor cells in Schistosoma mansoni relies on a pair of flatworm-specific transcription factors that are related to genes regulating epidermal specification in free-living flatworms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TAF4, a subunit of transcription factor II D, directs promoter occupancy of nuclear receptor HNF4A during post-natal hepatocyte differentiation

    Daniil Alpern et al.
    Physical and functional interactions between HNF4A and TAF4 coordinate HNF4A genomic occupancy with pre-initiation complex formation to activate post-natal hepatocyte gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    A robust activity marking system for exploring active neuronal ensembles

    Andreas T Sørensen et al.
    A new system for tagging activated neuronal population offers multiple advantages over existing systems based on immediate early genes, including greater sensitivity and specificity, and suitability for easy application in species other than mice.

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