425 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translation affects mRNA stability in a codon-dependent manner in human cells

    Qiushuang Wu et al.
    Genomic-profiles and reporters reveal that the three-nucleotide ‘words’ read by the ribosome, codons, have a strong effect on mRNA stability, impacting the homeostatic mRNA and protein levels in human cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tuning the speed-accuracy trade-off to maximize reward rate in multisensory decision-making

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Building on previous work (Drugowitsch et al., 2014), it is shown that decision-makers adjust their speed-accuracy trade-off flexibly from one moment to the next, based on evidence available from multiple sensory modalities, in order to nearly maximize their reward rate.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rate and timing of cortical responses driven by separate sensory channels

    Hannes P Saal et al.
    Signals from different tactile submodalities are integrated optimally to culminate in cortical responses whose rate and timing conveys stimulus information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal multisensory decision-making in a reaction-time task

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Through a combination of modeling and experiments it is shown that humans can near-optimally accumulate decision-related evidence across time and cues even when reaction time is under their control.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Paracrine communication maximizes cellular response fidelity in wound signaling

    L Naomi Handly et al.
    There are inherent tradeoffs in the control of cellular response variability by paracrine communication during the establishment of initial wound response signaling gradients.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Biomarkers: Improving survival prediction for melanoma

    Mykyta Artomov
    The survival of patients with cutaneous melanoma can be accurately predicted using just four DNA methylation marks.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning: Neural networks subtract and conquer

    Guillaume Hennequin
    Two theoretical studies reveal how networks of neurons may behave during reward-based learning.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Microscopy: Live imaging looks deeper

    Tanner C Fadero, Paul S Maddox
    Iodixanol provides an easy and affordable solution to a problem that has limited resolution and brightness when imaging living samples.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.

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