857 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrafast endocytosis at Caenorhabditis elegans neuromuscular junctions

    Shigeki Watanabe et al.
    Optogenetics has revealed that synaptic vesicles can be recycled extremely rapidly in nematodes, indicating that existing models for how synapses 'reload' may need to be revised.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: The tortoise and the hare revisited

    Natalia L Kononenko et al.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific and time-dependent light exposure contribute to silencing in neurons expressing Channelrhodopsin-2

    Alexander M Herman et al.
    Optogenetic techniques, whereby light is used to activate neuronal cells, are quickly becoming widely used in neuroscience; but excessive exposure to light can actually silence certain types of neuronal cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Holocentromeres are dispersed point centromeres localized at transcription factor hotspots

    Florian A Steiner, Steven Henikoff
    Worm holocentromeres show a polycentric distribution, with each site containing a single centromeric nucleosome and also being targeted by multiple transcription factors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    FRET-based reporters for the direct visualization of abscisic acid concentration changes and distribution in Arabidopsis

    Rainer Waadt et al.
    Fluorescent sensors can track the movement and distribution of the plant hormone abscisic acid in roots and leaves in Arabidopsis.
    1. Neuroscience

    SIR-2.1 integrates metabolic homeostasis with the reproductive neuromuscular excitability in early aging male Caenorhabditis elegans

    Xiaoyan Guo, L René García
    A protein called SIR-2.1 helps to protect worms from the effects of aging by regulating metabolic processes that would otherwise generate damaging reactive oxygen species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gating of neural error signals during motor learning

    Rhea R Kimpo et al.
    Electrode recordings and optogenetics reveal that the cerebellum can modulate its response to error signals from the brainstem during motor learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons sustain inhibitory transmission using plasma membrane uptake of GABA, not synthesis

    Nicolas X Tritsch et al.
    The molecular mechanisms by which midbrain dopamine neurons acquire the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA for synaptic release are revealed.

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