344 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Transient inhibition and long-term facilitation of locomotion by phasic optogenetic activation of serotonin neurons

    Patrícia A Correia et al.
    Phasic activation of dorsal raphe serotonin neurons transiently inhibits locomotion without influencing anxiety or producing reinforcement, but when repeated over many days a long-term facilitation of locomotion is produced.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience inversely regulates feedforward and feedback excitation-inhibition ratio in rodent visual cortex

    Nathaniel J Miska et al.
    Sensory deprivation suppresses cortical responsiveness through a selective remodeling of excitatory and inhibitory microcircuit motifs, by simultaneously amplifying feedforward and suppressing feedback excitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal role for the subthalamic nucleus in interrupting behavior

    Kathryn H Fife et al.
    Activation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) pauses or disrupts behavior, while STN inhibition reduces the disruptive effects of surprise, indicating that STN activation is both sufficient and necessary for behavioral inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    Optogenetic inhibition demonstrates that the cortex is necessary and sufficient for the initiation and execution of a learned, skilled action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurophysiology: Serotonin's many meanings elude simple theories

    Peter Dayan, Quentin Huys
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    1. Neuroscience

    Serotonin: Slow motion

    Naoshige Uchida, Jeremiah Y Cohen
    Optogenetic stimulation of serotonin neurons in the dorsal raphe causes mice to move more slowly without causing any apparent motor deficits or anxiety-like effects.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Developmental Neuroscience: Catching a wave

    P Michelle Fogerson, John R Huguenard
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    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.

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