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    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons drive fear extinction learning by signaling the omission of expected aversive outcomes

    Ximena I Salinas-Hern√°ndez et al.
    Dopamine signaling is necessary for normal fear extinction learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-selective control of cortical and subcortical networks by central thalamus

    Jia Liu et al.
    Central thalamus relay neurons dynamically switch the activity of cortical and subcortical networks at distinct frequencies, providing a mechanism for this region's role in arousal regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal direct and indirect pathway neurons differentially control the encoding and updating of goal-directed learning

    James Peak et al.
    Direct and indirect pathway neurons in posterior dorsomedial striatum were found to play distinct roles, with the former necessary for encoding and the latter for updating goal-directed learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Performance in even a simple perceptual task depends on mouse secondary visual areas

    Hannah C Goldbach et al.
    In a simple visual task, that in principle could be performed using information in V1 alone, perturbations of secondary visual areas impair perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes contribute to normal cold and heat sensation

    Katelyn E Sadler et al.
    Purinergic keratinocyte-to-sensory neuron signaling is a ubiquitous amplification mechanism that is required for normal mechanical, cold, and heat sensation in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct signals in medial and lateral VTA dopamine neurons modulate fear extinction at different times

    Lili X Cai et al.
    Dopamine neurons in medial versus lateral VTA encode different signals during fear extinction, yet inhibition of both populations influences fear extinction, at different times.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar Purkinje cell activity modulates aggressive behavior

    Skyler L Jackman et al.
    Optogenetic control of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar vermis enables bidirectional control of aggression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic feedback control of neural activity

    Jonathan P Newman et al.
    The 'Optoclamp' is a feedback control technology that enables precise, continuously updated, closed-loop optical control of neural firing both in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entorhinal-retrosplenial circuits for allocentric-egocentric transformation of boundary coding

    Joeri BG van Wijngaarden et al.
    An extended border coding circuit across the entorhinal and retrosplenial cortex incorporates self-referenced and viewpoint-invariant boundary information to guide navigation behavior.