346 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Artemisinin exposure at the ring or trophozoite stage impacts Plasmodium falciparum sexual conversion differently

    Harvie P Portugaliza et al.
    Treatment of malaria parasites with the frontline antimalarial drug artemisinin can increase the proportion of parasites that convert into transmission forms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell neurotransmission patterns cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules defined by distinct pinceau sizes

    Joy Zhou et al.
    Targeted genetic silencing and reporter labeling reveal that Purkinje cell activity organizes cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules based on the sizes of their projections.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Live imaging of hair bundle polarity acquisition demonstrates a critical timeline for transcription factor Emx2

    Yosuke Tona, Doris K Wu
    Acquisition of hair bundle orientation in sensory hair cells is only sensitive to Emx2 during a critical time window.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic factors of bilaterian evolution

    Peter Heger et al.
    Advanced orthology clustering of bilaterian and non-bilaterian sequences identifies 157 bilaterian-specific genes which are linked to key morphological features of this animal group.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The visual pigment xenopsin is widespread in protostome eyes and impacts the view on eye evolution

    Clemens Christoph Döring et al.
    The employment of xenopsin in ciliary and mixed microvillar/ciliary eye sensory cells in several protostome animals suggests high evolutionary plasticity of photoreceptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity in the retina is associated with maintenance of night vision during retinal degenerative disease

    Henri Leinonen et al.
    Mouse retina manifests homeostatic plasticity and adapts to photoreceptor degeneration to resist visual decline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine is released in the basolateral amygdala in response to predictors of reward and enhances the learning of cue-reward contingency

    Richard B Crouse et al.
    The release of acetylcholine in the basolateral amygdala is precisely timed to salient events during reward learning but has long-lasting effects that potentiate learning of cue-reward contingencies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pattern regulation in a regenerating jellyfish

    Chiara Sinigaglia et al.
    Clytia jellyfish regenerate body shape and organs through a mechanically driven process that coordinates tissue remodeling, localized proliferation, and precursor migration and promotes Wnt signaling at a muscle-based landmark.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Modelling the emergence of whisker barrels

    Sebastian S James et al.
    Whisker barrels provide clues about neocortical development, as computer modelling shows that barrels can self-organize, based on competition between adjacent thalamocortical axons, suggesting that genetic instruction plays a secondary role.

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