277 results found
  1. April 2014

    Episode 11: April 2014

    In this episode we hear about neuropathic pain, gene therapy, insulin production, aging in worms, and how flatworms grow new body parts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Adult axolotls can regenerate original neuronal diversity in response to brain injury

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Upon injury, the regeneration of the adult axolotl brain rebuilds neuronal diversity, but alters the original long-distance circuitry and tissue architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel class of inferior colliculus principal neurons labeled in vasoactive intestinal peptide-Cre mice

    David Goyer et al.
    VIP neurons are a novel class of inferior colliculus stellate neurons that project to long-range auditory and non-auditory targets and integrate inputs from the auditory brainstem and contralateral IC.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Motility precedes egress of malaria parasites from oocysts

    Dennis Klug, Friedrich Frischknecht
    A surface protein triggers intra-oocyst motility of Plasmodium sporozoites to ensure parasite egress from oocysts.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Inhibitory activities of short linear motifs underlie Hox interactome specificity in vivo

    Manon Baëza et al.
    Short peptide motifs can confer specificity to developmental networks by inhibiting protein–protein interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.

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