1,734 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Human immunocompetent Organ-on-Chip platforms allow safety profiling of tumor-targeted T-cell bispecific antibodies

    S Jordan Kerns et al.
    Novel human models of the lung and intestine are described and validated as preclinical in vitro tools for predictive profiling of T-cell-bispecific antibodies with expected on-target off-tumor risk.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Merging organoid and organ-on-a-chip technology to generate complex multi-layer tissue models in a human retina-on-a-chip platform

    Kevin Achberger et al.
    A microphysiological system (retina-on-a-chip) shows the potential to promote drug development and provide new insights into the underlying pathology of retinal diseases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Duodenum Intestine-Chip for preclinical drug assessment in a human relevant model

    Magdalena Kasendra et al.
    Combining Organs-on-Chips technology with adult intestinal organoids provides an improved model of human duodenum and a new platform for preclinical drug assessment.
    1. Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of novel, clinically correlated autoantigens in the monogenic autoimmune syndrome APS1 by proteome-wide PhIP-Seq

    Sara E Vazquez et al.
    Humans with mutations in the AIRE gene exhibit common autoantibodies targeting ovarian and intestinal antigens, including intestinal dysfunction-associated antibodies to enteroendocrine transcription factor RFX6.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Cancer Immunotherapy: A promising platform for predicting toxicity

    Maria Ochoa de Olza
    Organ-on-chip approaches could help researchers to better predict the toxicity of cancer immunotherapy drugs.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamic persistence of UPEC intracellular bacterial communities in a human bladder-chip model of urinary tract infection

    Kunal Sharma et al.
    Live-cell imaging captures the heterogenity of bacterial growth within intracellular bacterial communities and demonstrates that the constituent bacteria are protected from clearance by antibiotics delivered with a physiologically relevant pharmacodynamic profile.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tissue Engineering: Building a better model of the retina

    Milica Radisic
    Researchers have combined organ-on-a-chip engineering with the benefits of organoids to make improved models of the human retina.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evidence for a common evolutionary rate in metazoan transcriptional networks

    Anne-Ruxandra Carvunis et al.
    Transcriptional regulation evolves at indistinguishable rates in mammals, birds and insect lineages despite large differences in underlying rates of sequence evolution.

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