695 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A compositional neural code in high-level visual cortex can explain jumbled word reading

    Aakash Agrawal et al.
    Viewing a jumbled word activates an efficient visual representation in high-level visual cortex that is matched to stored words in the word form area.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retrieval practice facilitates memory updating by enhancing and differentiating medial prefrontal cortex representations

    Zhifang Ye et al.
    Retrieval practice strongly engages the medial prefrontal cortex to integrate and differentiate memory representations, resulting in more effective memory updating.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complexity of frequency receptive fields predicts tonotopic variability across species

    Quentin Gaucher et al.
    The A1 of ferrets and mice show similar tonotopic organizations, with neurons preferring a single frequency being more precisely organized into a tonotopic map than multipeaked neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hyperalignment: Modeling shared information encoded in idiosyncratic cortical topographies

    James V Haxby et al.
    Hyperalignment provides a conceptual framework for cortical architecture that captures how shared information is encoded in idiosyncratic cortical topographies that preserve vector geometry for population response and connectivity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axon-dependent expression of YAP/TAZ mediates Schwann cell remyelination but not proliferation after nerve injury

    Matthew Grove et al.
    YAP and TAZ, potent concoproteins and therapeutic targets in cancer therapy, are essential for Schwann cells to support peripheral nerve regeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct spatiotemporal mechanisms underlie extra-classical receptive field modulation in macaque V1 microcircuits

    Christopher A Henry et al.
    The multiple component mechanisms of extra-classical receptive field modulation, with distinct dynamics, discovered in the monkey visual cortex have important implications for understanding contextual perceptual processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lipid accumulation controls the balance between surface connection and scission of caveolae

    Madlen Hubert et al.
    Caveolae sense the membrane lipid composition, which influences their dynamic behavior at the cell surface.

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