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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Temporal integration of auxin information for the regulation of patterning

    Carlos S Galvan-Ampudia et al.
    Rhythmic centrifugal waves of auxin traveling through the tissue provides high definition positional information to cells that is not only spatial but also temporal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Image content is more important than Bouma’s Law for scene metamers

    Thomas SA Wallis et al.
    Peripheral appearance models emphasising pooling processes that depend on retinal eccentricity will instead need to explore input-dependent grouping and segmentation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Oldest skeleton of a fossil flying squirrel casts new light on the phylogeny of the group

    Isaac Casanovas-Vilar et al.
    Flying squirrels may have originated earlier than previously thought and remained unchanged for almost 12 million years.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Protein sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time

    Beatrice Demarchi et al.
    A chemically unstable ostrich eggshell peptide survives for at least 3.8 million years at the equator, stabilized by strong mineral interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Cambrian origin for vertebrate rods

    Sabrina Asteriti et al.
    Several key functional features of jawed vertebrate rods are also present in lamprey photoreceptors, indicating that our Cambrian ancestors possessed dim light vision.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Branching morphogenesis in the developing kidney is not impacted by nephron formation or integration

    Kieran M Short et al.
    Analysing developing mouse kidneys demonstrates nephron formation does not significantly impact branching morphogenesis of the ureteric bud, suggesting this process is distinct from branching in organs like the mammary gland.