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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cannabinoid-induced actomyosin contractility shapes neuronal morphology and growth

    Alexandre B Roland et al.
    Cannabinoids inhibit neuronal expansion and growth through the rapid contraction of actomyosin.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    27 T ultra-high static magnetic field changes orientation and morphology of mitotic spindles in human cells

    Lei Zhang et al.
    An ultra-high static magnetic field changes mitotic spindle orientation in cells by exerting magnetic torques on both microtubules and chromosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ataxin-1 oligomers induce local spread of pathology and decreasing them by passive immunization slows Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 phenotypes

    Cristian A Lasagna-Reeves et al.
    Building on previous work (Lasagna-Reeves et al., 2015) it is shown that polyglutamine ATXN1 oligomers propagate locally in SCA1 mice, and that passive immunotherapy targeting soluble oligomers can lead to an improvement in motor coordination and a modest increase in life span.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal identity establishes columnar neuron morphology, connectivity, and function in a Drosophila navigation circuit

    Luis F Sullivan et al.
    The Eyeless/Pax6 temporal transcription factor generates neuronal identity, connectivity, and flight navigation behavior within the conserved adult brain structure called the central complex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Unified single-cell analysis of testis gene regulation and pathology in five mouse strains

    Min Jung et al.
    A statistical method for summarizing single-cell gene expression data identifies normal and disease-specific transcriptional programs from an atlas of 57,600 cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDE2A2 regulates mitochondria morphology and apoptotic cell death via local modulation of cAMP/PKA signalling

    Stefania Monterisi et al.
    The enzyme phosphodiesterase 2A2 localises at the mitochondrial membrane and its inhibition results in a local increase in cAMP concentration, mitochondrial elongation and resistance to apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Auxin regulates SNARE-dependent vacuolar morphology restricting cell size

    Christian Löfke et al.
    Vacuolar morphologenesis correlates with cell size and is required for auxin-dependent inhibition of growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    TALPID3 controls centrosome and cell polarity and the human ortholog KIAA0586 is mutated in Joubert syndrome (JBTS23)

    Louise A Stephen et al.
    Mutations in KIAA0586 (TALPID3) cause a severe ciliopathy called Joubert syndrome that affects organ, cell and centrosome polarity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Quantitative proteomics reveals key roles for post-transcriptional gene regulation in the molecular pathology of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Sujatha Jagannathan et al.
    The myopathic transcription factor DUX4 induces discordant dysregulation of transcript and protein levels, demonstrating a key role for post-transcriptional gene regulation in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurexin–Neuroligin 1 regulates synaptic morphology and functions via the WAVE regulatory complex in Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Guanglin Xing et al.
    Neurexin–Neuroligin1 complex positively regulates F-actin assembly through direct interaction with WAVE complex to control normal synaptic growth and electrophysiological function in Drosophila neuromuscular junction.