9 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    ZP4 confers structural properties to the zona pellucida essential for embryo development

    Ismael Lamas-Toranzo et al.
    Zona pellucida requires ZP4 protein to efficiently protect the developing embryo during in vivo pre-implantation development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Symmetry transitions during gating of the TRPV2 ion channel in lipid membranes

    Lejla Zubcevic et al.
    Ligand-induced two-fold symmetric arrangement in TRPV2 is observed in the native-like nanodisc-reconstituted condition using cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    TP53 copy number expansion is associated with the evolution of increased body size and an enhanced DNA damage response in elephants

    Michael Sulak et al.
    Elephants escaped enhanced cancer susceptibility by evolving more master tumor suppressor genes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multi-state recognition pathway of the intrinsically disordered protein kinase inhibitor by protein kinase A

    Cristina Olivieri et al.
    A combination of NMR, fluorescence, and molecular dynamics simulations reveals the recognition mechanism for the intrinsically disordered regulator of protein kinase A, highlighting the enzyme's nuclear export process.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Proteolytic maturation of α2δ represents a checkpoint for activation and neuronal trafficking of latent calcium channels

    Ivan Kadurin et al.
    Multiple roles of the auxiliary calcium channel α2δ subunits require proteolytic cleavage of the precursor protein into α2 and δ.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Selections that isolate recombinant mitochondrial genomes in animals

    Hansong Ma, Patrick H O'Farrell
    Recombinant mitochondrial genomes can be selected, traits can be genetically mapped and new genetic combinations can be made.

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