887 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A transcriptomic taxonomy of Drosophila circadian neurons around the clock

    Dingbang Ma et al.
    Drosophila clock neurons manifest remarkable heterogeneity, which might be generally true and help explain why Drosophila has a sophisticated behavioral repertoire despite a tiny brain of about 100,000 neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ca2+ signaling driving pacemaker activity in submucosal interstitial cells of Cajal in the murine colon

    Salah A Baker et al.
    An optogenetic dual-color Ca2+-imaging approach shows how submucosal pacemaker-cells, interstitial cells of Cajal, modulate smooth-muscle responses and drive colonic motility via complex Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding and control of orientation to airflow by a set of Drosophila fan-shaped body neurons

    Timothy A Currier et al.
    Electrophysiology identifies a population of fan-shaped body neurons that encode airflow in two directions relative to the fly midline and whose silencing disrupts proper orientation to airflow.
    1. Neuroscience

    Canonical goal-selective representations are absent from prefrontal cortex in a spatial working memory task requiring behavioral flexibility

    Claudia Böhm, Albert K Lee
    Representation of goals in the forms previously reported in the PFC is not required for performance of a novel spatial working memory task where goal information must be used flexibly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical encoding of acoustic and linguistic rhythms in spoken narratives

    Cheng Luo, Nai Ding
    In the processing of spoken narratives, bottom-up acoustic cues and top-down linguistic knowledge separately contribute to neural construction of linguistic units.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of visual inputs on neural dynamics for coding of location and running speed in medial entorhinal cortex

    Holger Dannenberg et al.
    Spatial accuracy of grid cell firing correlates with the slope of the local field potential theta frequency vs. running speed relationship and integrates velocity signals over past time.
    1. Cell Biology

    chTOG is a conserved mitotic error correction factor

    Jacob A Herman et al.
    The conserved chTOG protein is required to destabilize incorrect kinetochore-microtubule attachments.
    1. Neuroscience

    The brain in motion: How ensemble fluidity drives memory-updating and flexibility

    William Mau et al.
    Ensemble fluidity, observed as synaptic turnover and temporal drift in neuronal patterns, supports memory-updating and flexibility while maintaining memory stability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms underlying expectation-dependent inhibition of distracting information

    Dirk van Moorselaar et al.
    Learned expectations allow for a distinct anticipatory distractor representation at the feature but not at the spatial level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular coupling and bilateral connectivity during NREM and REM sleep

    Kevin L Turner et al.
    Sleep-related hemodynamic signals are much larger than those in the awake brain, so it is crucial to monitor the arousal state during studies of spontaneous activity.

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