2,038 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental programming modulates olfactory behavior in C. elegans via endogenous RNAi pathways

    Jennie R Sims et al.
    The OSM-9 TRPV channel is differentially regulated due to developmental programming via modulation by TGF-β signaling, endogenous RNAi and chromatin remodeling pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hox genes control vertebrate body elongation by collinear Wnt repression

    Nicolas Denans et al.
    The collinear activation of a subset of posterior Hox genes is responsible for establishing a Wnt/T activity gradient that is required to generate the complete body axis, and hence the full set of segments within a vertebrate embryo.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Wnt activity defines colon cancer stem cells and is regulated by the microenvironment

    Anthony Essex et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ULK3 regulates cytokinetic abscission by phosphorylating ESCRT-III proteins

    Anna Caballe et al.
    ULK3 is a kinase in the abscission checkpoint that temporarily inactivates ESCRT-III proteins via phosphorylation, which is required to delay cytokinesis in response to defects in mitosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Processing of motion boundary orientation in macaque V2

    Heng Ma et al.
    Area V2 in macaque monkeys contributes to the perception of the outlines of moving objects and achieves this through a local computation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous somatostatin-expressing neuron population in mouse ventral tegmental area

    Elina Nagaeva et al.
    The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Bacterial contribution to genesis of the novel germ line determinant oskar

    Leo Blondel et al.
    Evidence suggests that the oskar gene, a critical germ line determinant in insects, was formed by fusion of bacterial and eukaryotic sequences at least 450 million years ago.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage does not regulate the sensory synaptic input of projection neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Luis Sánchez-Guardado, Carlos Lois
    Sister projection neurons in the mammalian olfactory system do not share sensory synaptic input indicating that lineage-independent mechanisms regulate their synaptic connectivity with the olfactory sensory neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.

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