14 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Oscillatory phase separation in giant lipid vesicles induced by transmembrane osmotic differentials

    Kamila Oglęcka et al.
    Spontaneous osmoregulation in giant phospholipid vesicles, which is characterized by oscillations in vesicle size and membrane tension, couples to the compositional degrees of freedom at the membrane surface to produce oscillations in domain texture and induce isothermal phase change.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNA binding protein Caprin-2 is a pivotal regulator of the central osmotic defense response

    Agnieszka Konopacka et al.
    Caprin-2 is up-regulated in the rat hypothalamus by osmotic stress and controls vital homeostatic osmoregulatory mechanisms by altering the length of the poly(A) tail on arginine vasopressin mRNAs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The untapped potential of medaka and its wild relatives

    Leon Hilgers, Julia Schwarzer
    Studies of medaka and other ricefishes in the wild could provide insights in fields such as evolutionary biology, development and cancer research.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predominance of cis-regulatory changes in parallel expression divergence of sticklebacks

    Jukka-Pekka Verta, Felicity C Jones
    Cis-regulation such as enhancers and promoters plays a major role in parallel gene expression divergence and has features that make it a well-poised substrate for adaptive evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    tp53 deficiency causes a wide tumor spectrum and increases embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma metastasis in zebrafish

    Myron S Ignatius et al.
    Syngeneic tp53-null zebrafish develop a wide range of tumors that engraft into recipient animals with loss of Tp53 leading to increased metastasis in embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS), likely accounting for increased aggression in TP53-inactivated human ERMS.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Prostaglandin signaling regulates nephron segment patterning of renal progenitors during zebrafish kidney development

    Shahram Jevin Poureetezadi et al.
    Prostaglandin synthesis and PGE2 receptor activity are essential for mediating segmentation of renal progenitors during pronephros formation in the zebrafish.
    1. Cancer Biology

    KLK3/PSA and cathepsin D activate VEGF-C and VEGF-D

    Sawan Kumar Jha et al.
    Both VEGF-C and VEGF-D can be activated by KLK3/PSA and Cathepsin D, producing two novel VEGF-C forms and the known VEGFR-2-specific form of VEGF-D.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tumor suppression in basal keratinocytes via dual non-cell-autonomous functions of a Na,K-ATPase beta subunit

    Julia Hatzold et al.
    A Na,K-ATPase beta subunit can suppress basal cell carcinogenesis either via its osmoregulatory function to avoid hypotonic stress, or by promoting epithelial polarity and adhesiveness of basal keratinocytes from the overlying outer layer.

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