292 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A synaptic F-actin network controls otoferlin-dependent exocytosis in auditory inner hair cells

    Philippe FY Vincent et al.
    A synaptic F-actin network tightly controls the flow of synaptic vesicles during exocytosis at the inner hair cell ribbons.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The untapped potential of medaka and its wild relatives

    Leon Hilgers, Julia Schwarzer
    Studies of medaka and other ricefishes in the wild could provide insights in fields such as evolutionary biology, development and cancer research.
    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cells induce the formation of their physical niche during organogenesis

    Ali Seleit et al.
    A physical niche for neural stem cells is generated by the induction of the immediate skin epithelium, a process triggered by the arrival of neural precursors during sensory organ formation in medaka.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum parasites deploy RhopH2 into the host erythrocyte to obtain nutrients, grow and replicate

    Natalie A Counihan et al.
    Plasmodium parasites secrete RhopH2 from the rhoptry organelle into their host red blood cell to facilitate the uptake of essential nutrients required for parasite replication and survival.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.

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