15 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bone Formation: Sensing the load

    Nele Haelterman, Joohyun Lim
    How does the skeleton detect and adapt to changes in the mechanical load it has to carry?
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Collagen induces activation of DDR1 through lateral dimer association and phosphorylation between dimers

    Victoria Juskaite et al.
    Ligand binding induces DDR1 kinase activity through recruitment of DDR1 receptors into signalling clusters in which phosphorylation occurs across different dimers.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Ancient origin of lubricated joints in bony vertebrates

    Amjad Askary et al.
    Zebrafish have lubricated joints similar to ours and are a tractable model for arthritis research.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Thrombospondin-4 controls matrix assembly during development and repair of myotendinous junctions

    Arul Subramanian, Thomas F Schilling
    Functional attachments between muscles and tendons require pentameric Thrombospondin-4, revealing novel roles both as an integrin ligand and extracellular matrix scaffold.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation after vastus lateralis denervation in rats demonstrates neural regulation of joint stresses and strains

    Cristiano Alessandro et al.
    The adaptation strategy used by the nervous system following muscle paralysis restores task performance while minimizing the stresses and strains within a joint.
    1. Cell Biology

    Discrete spatial organization of TGFβ receptors couples receptor multimerization and signaling to cellular tension

    Joanna P Rys et al.
    Cells control the spatial organization and signaling of TGFβ receptors at focal adhesions via a mechanically regulated mechanism to integrate biochemical and physical cues.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel role for lipid droplets in the organismal antibacterial response

    Preetha Anand et al.
    Histones bound to lipid droplets inside cells offer protection against bacteria in flies, and possibly mice, thus suggesting a possible new innate immunity pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Direct measurement of TRPV4 and PIEZO1 activity reveals multiple mechanotransduction pathways in chondrocytes

    M Rocio Servin-Vences et al.
    The application of different types of mechanical stimuli to chondrocytes, either by stretching the membrane or deflecting cell-substrate contacts, reveals that there are distinct but overlapping mechanoelectrical transduction pathways in these cells.

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