22 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    The half-life of the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is regulated through O-glycosylation in mice, but not in humans

    Omar Al Rifai et al.
    In mice, but not in humans, the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is O-glycosylated, a post-translational modification controlling its half-life in vivo.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Osteocalcin expressing cells from tendon sheaths in mice contribute to tendon repair by activating Hedgehog signaling

    Yi Wang et al.
    Cells in tendon sheaths, considered to be extrinsic tissues of tendon, possess stem or progenitor cell properties that are involved in tendon repair by activating the Hh-TGFb/Smad3 axis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Bone Hormones: Survival of the glycosylated

    Harry C Blair, Paul H Schlesinger
    Osteocalcin is a bone matrix protein that acts like a hormone when it reaches the blood, and has different effects in mice and humans.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Orphan receptor GPR158 controls stress-induced depression

    Laurie P Sutton et al.
    The orphan receptor GPR158 is highly regulated by stress exposure and acts on key neuronal signaling pathways in the prefrontal cortex to control depressive-like behaviors.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mechanosensitive Piezo1 channel is required for bone formation

    Weijia Sun et al.
    Piezo1 functions as a key mechanotransducer for conferring mechanosensitivity to osteoblasts and determining mechanical-load-dependent bone formation, and represents a novel therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis or unloading-induced severe bone loss.
    1. Medicine

    The role of extracellular matrix phosphorylation on energy dissipation in bone

    Stacyann Bailey et al.
    Global extracellular bone matrix phosphorylation level is optimized for appropriate mechanical function and is affected by the presence and heterogeneity in phosphorylation of osteopontin.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Osterix-Cre marks distinct subsets of CD45- and CD45+ stromal populations in extra-skeletal tumors with pro-tumorigenic characteristics

    Biancamaria Ricci et al.
    Osterix, a transcription factor regulating osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, is expressed in subsets of CAFs with osteogenic features and marks tumor infiltrating immune populations enriched in immune suppressive markers.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stimulation of Piezo1 by mechanical signals promotes bone anabolism

    Xuehua Li et al.
    Mechanical stimuli activate Piezo1 in osteoblast lineage cells and thereby promote bone formation in part via Wnt1.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.

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