11 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Otoferlin acts as a Ca2+ sensor for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment at auditory hair cell ribbon synapses

    Nicolas Michalski et al.
    Targeted mutations in a Ca2+-binding site of otoferlin, a transmembrane protein of synaptic vesicles defective in a recessive form of deafness, reveal its Ca2+ sensor role both for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A synaptic F-actin network controls otoferlin-dependent exocytosis in auditory inner hair cells

    Philippe FY Vincent et al.
    A synaptic F-actin network tightly controls the flow of synaptic vesicles during exocytosis at the inner hair cell ribbons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Insights into electrosensory organ development, physiology and evolution from a lateral line-enriched transcriptome

    Melinda S Modrell et al.
    An unbiased transcriptomic approach reveals that developing paddlefish electrosensory organs express genes essential for mechanosensory hair cell development and synaptic transmission, and identifies candidates for mediating electroreceptor development and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    A primal role for the vestibular sense in the development of coordinated locomotion

    David E Ehrlich, David Schoppik
    Zebrafish use their sense of gravity and their cerebellum to coordinate the fin and body movements that, as they develop, allow them to better maintain balance as they climb.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ca2+ sensor synaptotagmin-1 mediates exocytosis in mammalian photoreceptors

    Justin J Grassmeyer et al.
    The vesicular Ca2+ sensor synaptotagmin-1 regulates both fast phasic and slow tonic glutamate release at ribbon synapses of rod and cone photoreceptor cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Shaping of inner ear sensory organs through antagonistic interactions between Notch signalling and Lmx1a

    Zoe F Mann et al.
    A dynamic confrontation between Notch signalling and the transcription factor Lmx1a at the borders of the developing inner ear sensory patches regulates their segregation and the positioning of their boundaries.
    1. Neuroscience

    The presynaptic ribbon maintains vesicle populations at the hair cell afferent fiber synapse

    Lars Becker et al.
    The auditory hair cell synaptic ribbon maintains vesicle pools near release sites in order to support sustained and timed vesicle release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sound exposure dynamically induces dopamine synthesis in cholinergic LOC efferents for feedback to auditory nerve fibers

    Jingjing Sherry Wu et al.
    Based on the animal’s recent history of sound exposure, cholinergic auditory brainstem neurons dynamically regulate dopamine synthesis for inhibitory feedback to the inner ear.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subcellular analysis of pigeon hair cells implicates vesicular trafficking in cuticulosome formation and maintenance

    Simon Nimpf et al.
    Cuticulosomes are organelles found in the hair cells of birds that are composed of ferritin nanoparticles, form rapidly after hatching by the fusion of vesicular structures, and may play an indirect role in magnetic sensation.

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