217 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Repeated outbreaks drive the evolution of bacteriophage communication

    Hilje M Doekes et al.
    Mathematical modelling suggests that the evolution of communication between bacterial viruses requires repeated outbreak events, and the model then predicts typical communication strategies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Poultry farmer response to disease outbreaks in smallholder farming systems in southern Vietnam

    Alexis Delabouglise et al.
    Longitudinal monitoring of poultry farms in southern Vietnam reveals that when outbreaks occur with symptoms similar to highly pathogenic avian influenza, farmers respond by sending their chickens to market early.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiological dynamics of Ebola outbreaks

    Thomas House
    The pattern of past Ebola outbreaks is indicative of an effective reproductive ratio of less than 1, which can lead to the generation of a range of outbreak sizes consistent with the scale of the ongoing epidemic.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Previously undetected super-spreading of Mycobacterium tuberculosis revealed by deep sequencing

    Robyn S Lee et al.
    Incorporating within-host diversity in transmission, as identified by deep sequencing, can significantly change previously-held inferences, with major implications for genomic studies of transmission in tuberculosis and other pathogens as well.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1976-2014

    Alicia Rosello et al.
    Analysing a compilation of individual-level data gathered across the seven Ebola Virus Disease outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo reveals factors that contribute to the spread of the disease and mortality.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Repeated introductions and intensive community transmission fueled a mumps virus outbreak in Washington State

    Louise H Moncla et al.
    Social networks can be the primary risk factor for mumps infection and transmission, regardless of age and vaccination status.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of HIV co-infection on the evolution and transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Vegard Eldholm et al.
    HIV co-infection does not affect Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutation rates and does not drive the emergence of antimicrobial resistance within patients in the largest outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Latin America to date.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Inference and control of the nosocomial transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    Sen Pei et al.
    The asymptomatic colonization and importation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospital settings can be inferred from observed cases using combined model-inference methods and used to inform improved interventions.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Zika seroprevalence declines and neutralizing antibodies wane in adults following outbreaks in French Polynesia and Fiji

    Alasdair D Henderson et al.
    A combination of eight serological surveys shows a decline in seroprevalence over a two-year period following the first reports of Zika transmission in Fiji and French Polynesia.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Using paired serology and surveillance data to quantify dengue transmission and control during a large outbreak in Fiji

    Adam J Kucharski et al.
    A combination of surveillance data, paired sera and mathematical modelling reveals which factors may influence dengue transmission and control in island settings.

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