2,603 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional heterogeneity within the rodent lateral orbitofrontal cortex dissociates outcome devaluation and reversal learning deficits

    Marios C Panayi, Simon Killcross
    The rodent orbitofrontal cortex makes functionally distinct contributions to flexible behavioural control, even within a single putative orbitofrontal subregion, which has important implications for establishing homology between rodent and primate orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent coding of outcome-predictive cue features in the rat nucleus accumbens

    Jimmie M Gmaz et al.
    Neural activity in the rat nucleus accumbens provides a rich task representation that includes not only expected outcomes, but also the specific identity of the cues that predict these outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory prediction errors in the human midbrain signal identity violations independent of perceptual distance

    Javier A Suarez et al.
    Activity in the midbrain responds to unexpected changes in outcome identity (i.e. sensory prediction error) but does not scale with perceptual distance between expected and receipt reward.
  1. Research Culture: Framework for advancing rigorous research

    Walter J Koroshetz et al.
    Establishing a community of 'rigor champions' and building a comprehensive educational platform to teach the principles of rigorous science will help to ensure that the outputs of scientific research remain reliable and robust.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
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    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Centralized scientific communities are less likely to generate replicable results

    Valentin Danchev et al.
    Analysis of data on drug-gene interactions suggests that decentralized collaboration will increase the robustness of scientific findings in biomedical research.
  2. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Point of View: Data science for the scientific life cycle

    Daphne Ezer, Kirstie Whitaker
    Each stage of the scientific life cycle stands to benefit from the introduction of data science techniques.

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