2,176 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional heterogeneity within the rodent lateral orbitofrontal cortex dissociates outcome devaluation and reversal learning deficits

    Marios C Panayi, Simon Killcross
    The rodent orbitofrontal cortex makes functionally distinct contributions to flexible behavioural control, even within a single putative orbitofrontal subregion, which has important implications for establishing homology between rodent and primate orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent coding of outcome-predictive cue features in the rat nucleus accumbens

    Jimmie M Gmaz et al.
    Neural activity in the rat nucleus accumbens provides a rich task representation that includes not only expected outcomes, but also the specific identity of the cues that predict these outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory prediction errors in the human midbrain signal identity violations independent of perceptual distance

    Javier A Suarez et al.
    Activity in the midbrain responds to unexpected changes in outcome identity (i.e. sensory prediction error) but does not scale with perceptual distance between expected and receipt reward.
  1. Scientific Publishing: How early-career researchers are shaping eLife

    Mark Patterson, Randy Schekman
    Journals can benefit from listening to graduate students, postdocs and newly-independent group leaders.
    Editorial
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
  2. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cutting Edge: Promoting international collaboration and creativity in doctoral students

    Christopher M Groen et al.
    Staff from the Mayo Clinic in the US and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden describe a joint transatlantic course intended to broaden the horizons of the next generation of researchers in the field of regenerative medicine.
  3. Point of View: Correcting the bias against interdisciplinary research

    Ehud Shapiro
    When making decisions about funding and jobs the scientific community should recognise that most of the tools used to evaluate scientific excellence are biased in favour of established disciplines and against interdisciplinary research.
    1. Cell Biology

    Sperm Competition: Size isn't everything

    Ronald E Ellis, Qing Wei
    Insight
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