505 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the human glutamine transporter SLC1A5 (ASCT2) in the outward-facing conformation

    Xiaodi Yu et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of unliganded SLC1A5 and its complex with glutamine in outward-facing state provide insights into the substrate specificity and transport mechanism and will be helpful for developing selective inhibitors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Revealing an outward-facing open conformational state in a CLC Cl/H+ exchange transporter

    Chandra M Khantwal et al.
    The characterization of a previously unidentified “outward-facing open” conformational state provides a new framework for understanding the CLC transport mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Coupled ion binding and structural transitions along the transport cycle of glutamate transporters

    Grégory Verdon et al.
    Crystal structures of an archaeal homologue of mammalian glutamate transporters in apo and ion-only bound outward- and inward-facing states reveal ion-coupled conformational changes supporting mechanisms of coupling, gating, and transport.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh

    SeCheol Oh, Olga Boudker
    Sodium ions control the rates of both substrate binding and dissociation of an archaeal homologue of glutamate transporters in a manner that minimizes binding intermediates and maximizes transport efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.

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