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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline impact of transcranial focused ultrasound on cortical activation in primates

    Lennart Verhagen et al.
    A new application of transcranial ultrasound safely modulates brain activation in primates for up to 2 hours after 40 seconds of stimulation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defining host–pathogen interactions employing an artificial intelligence workflow

    Daniel Fisch et al.
    The application of deep learning fills a major gap in host–pathogen research providing for unbiased, multi-module high-throughput image analysis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Three F-actin assembly centers regulate organelle inheritance, cell-cell communication and motility in Toxoplasma gondii

    Nicolò Tosetti et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii formins have several non-overlapping roles including generating an apico-basal flux of F-actin that is controlled by phosphorylation and methylation and is essential for motility.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Emergence of trait variability through the lens of nitrogen assimilation in Prochlorococcus

    Paul M Berube et al.
    In the context of an organism's ecology, physiology, and macroevolutionary history, inheritance and gene loss can yield emergent patterns of trait variability that give the appearance of gene acquisition.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-order thalamic inputs to primary somatosensory cortex are stronger and longer lasting than cortical inputs

    Wanying Zhang, Randy M Bruno
    Secondary thalamic nuclei may provide stronger, longer-lasting input to superficial layers of primary sensory cortex than other cortical areas can.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent recruitment of TALE homeodomain life cycle regulators to direct sporophyte development in land plants and brown algae

    Alok Arun et al.
    TALE homeodomain transcription factors have been independently recruited to regulate gametophyte to sporophyte transitions in two complex multicellular eukaryotic supergroups, land plants in Archaeplastida and brown algae in Chromalveolata.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The genetic requirements of fatty acid import by Mycobacterium tuberculosis within macrophages

    Evgeniya V Nazarova et al.
    An unbiased forward genetic screen identified genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis that are required for fatty acid import when the bacterium is residing within macrophages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single cell functional genomics reveals the importance of mitochondria in cell-to-cell phenotypic variation

    Riddhiman Dhar et al.
    A genome-wide quantitative microscopy screen implicates mitochondria in single cell variation in proliferation and drug resistance in yeast.