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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population structuring of multi-copy, antigen-encoding genes in Plasmodium falciparum

    Yael Artzy-Randrup et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that local populations of the malaria parasite self-organize into a limited number of transient but distinct strains through competition for hosts in immunity space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry coordinating male copulation

    Hania J Pavlou et al.
    A circuit consisting of motor neurons, inhibitory interneurons and mechanosensory neurons controls copulatory behaviour in male fruit flies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Introduction of a male-harming mitochondrial haplotype via ‘Trojan Females’ achieves population suppression in fruit flies

    Jonci Nikolai Wolff et al.
    Mitochondrial genomes harbor male-fertility-reducing mutations that can be harnessed to control population viability as a novel approach to control economic and environmental pests.
    1. Neuroscience

    Beta band oscillations in motor cortex reflect neural population signals that delay movement onset

    Preeya Khanna, Jose M Carmena
    Using a sequential neurofeedback-arm reaching task, a new link is established among population neural activity patterns, generation of beta oscillations, and motor behavior changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Independent theta phase coding accounts for CA1 population sequences and enables flexible remapping

    Angus Chadwick et al.
    Independent coding without synaptic coordination explains complex sequences of population activity observed during theta states and maximizes the number of distinct environments that can be encoded through population theta sequences.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Identification of a new stem cell population that generates Drosophila flight muscles

    Rajesh D Gunage et al.
    Large flight muscle of Drosophila are made by the regulated amplification of a newly identified stem cell population.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A population of innate myelolymphoblastoid effector cell expanded by inactivation of mTOR complex 1 in mice

    Fei Tang et al.
    A novel population of hematopoietic cells unmasked by mTORC1 inactivation reveals a new mechanism of innate immune tolerance and a new consequence of defective hematopoiesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    A fitness trade-off between seasons causes multigenerational cycles in phenotype and population size

    Gustavo S Betini et al.
    Seasonal variation in resources causes opposing episodes of selection on body size, which interact with density dependence to influence population dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Antagonistic modulation of NPY/AgRP and POMC neurons in the arcuate nucleus by noradrenalin

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The coordinated differential modulation of satiety signaling POMC- and hunger signaling AgRP- neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus assigns an important role to noradrenalin to promote feeding.