923 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Lipoate-binding proteins and specific lipoate-protein ligases in microbial sulfur oxidation reveal an atpyical role for an old cofactor

    Xinyun Cao et al.
    An unexpected new biological function was discovered for the universally conserved cofactor lipoate, as lipoate-binding proteins proved essential for a novel wide-spread prokaryotic sulfur oxidation pathway.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Redox controls RecA protein activity via reversible oxidation of its methionine residues

    Camille Henry et al.
    RecA is inactivated by oxidative stress and repaired by the MsrA/B anti-ROS defense system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neutrophil-generated HOCl leads to non-specific thiol oxidation in phagocytized bacteria

    Adriana Degrossoli et al.
    The use of genetically encoded redox sensors in phagocytized bacteria reveals that, among the toxic cocktail of oxidants released into the neutrophil's phagolysosome, HOCl is the main component responsible for the oxidative modification of bacterial protein thiols.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A feedback loop governs the relationship between lipid metabolism and longevity

    Nicole K Littlejohn et al.
    The dual control of adiposity and longevity emerges from a latent intestinal feedback loop which simultaneously augments fat loss and shields lifespan from the deleterious effects of continuous fat oxidation.
    1. Medicine

    Mechanisms underlying neonate-specific metabolic effects of volatile anesthetics

    Julia Stokes et al.
    Volatile anesthetics impair hepatic tricarboxylic acid cycle function in adult and neonatal mice, with citrate accumulation driving a neonate-specific inhibition of beta-oxidation and ketosis through their increased relative sensitivity to malonyl-CoA.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide ACP facilitates lipid oxidation and utilization during long-term flight in locusts

    Li Hou et al.
    CRISPR/Cas 9 technology and multiple-omics study reveal an essential regulatory role of neuropeptide ACP in lipid utilization related to prolonged flight of locusts.
    1. Cell Biology

    DNA damage induces nuclear actin filament assembly by Formin-2 and Spire-1/2 that promotes efficient DNA repair

    Brittany J Belin et al.
    An efficient response to DNA damage requires the assembly of actin filaments in the nucleus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial pyruvate carrier is required for optimal brown fat thermogenesis

    Vanja Panic et al.
    Mitochondrial pyruvate transport is required for brown fat thermogenesis.

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