127 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neutrophil-generated HOCl leads to non-specific thiol oxidation in phagocytized bacteria

    Adriana Degrossoli et al.
    The use of genetically encoded redox sensors in phagocytized bacteria reveals that, among the toxic cocktail of oxidants released into the neutrophil's phagolysosome, HOCl is the main component responsible for the oxidative modification of bacterial protein thiols.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A self-balancing circuit centered on MoOsm1 kinase governs adaptive responses to host-derived ROS in Magnaporthe oryzae

    Xinyu Liu et al.
    A phosphorylation circuitry balancing among kinase, transcription factor, transcription repressor, and phosphatase in response against host immunity during M. oryzae–rice interaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron dependent behaviors mediated by glutamate cotransmission

    Susana Mingote et al.
    The conditional reduction of glutaminase in mouse dopamine neurons selectively attenuates glutamate cotransmission at phasic frequencies, revealing the role of dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission in the attribution of motivational salience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deficit of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) accelerates progressive hearing loss

    Adelaida M Celaya et al.
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) deficiency causes early redox imbalance and increased inflammatory response in the cochlea, leading to cell loss and progressive neurosensory hearing loss.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis heterotrimeric G proteins regulate immunity by directly coupling to the FLS2 receptor

    Xiangxiu Liang et al.
    Heterotrimeric G proteins are coupled to and regulate plant receptor signaling, which allows optimum immune activation and enhances the production of reactive oxygen species.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early dysfunction and progressive degeneration of the subthalamic nucleus in mouse models of Huntington's disease

    Jeremy F Atherton et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, the subthalamic nucleus, which suppresses movements, also exhibits impaired glutamate homeostasis, NMDA receptor-dependent mitochondrial oxidant stress, firing disruption, and 30% neuronal loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop mediates glutamate excitotoxicity to sculpt the Drosophila motor system

    Jhan-Jie Peng et al.
    Glutamate excitotoxicity induces a circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop to alter motor system integrity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial Homeostasis: Auto-regulation in the powerhouse

    Helena M Viola, Livia C Hool
    Mitochondrial flashes have a central role in ensuring that ATP levels remain constant in heart cells.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Limits on information transduction through amplitude and frequency regulation of transcription factor activity

    Anders S Hansen, Erin K O'Shea
    The ability of cells to transmit information encoded in signaling dynamics is fundamentally limited by the gene decoding step.

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