797 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of oxidative stress in cholinergic projection neurons fully rescues aging-associated olfactory circuit degeneration in Drosophila

    Ashiq Hussain et al.
    Drosophila genetics and behavior reveal that oxidative stress induced axonal degeneration in a single class of neurons drives the functional decline of an entire neural network and the behavior it controls.
    1. Cell Biology

    The peroxisome counteracts oxidative stresses by suppressing catalase import via Pex14 phosphorylation

    Kanji Okumoto et al.
    H2O2-induced phosphorylation at Ser232 of Pex14 spatiotemporally regulates peroxisomal import of catalase, functioning in counteracting action against oxidative stress by the increase of cytosolic catalase.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    p16 deficiency attenuates intervertebral disc degeneration by adjusting oxidative stress and nucleus pulposus cell cycle

    Hui Che et al.
    A novel IVDD mechanism that involves p16 is demonstrated and theoretical evidence is provided for effective methods to downregulate p16 and so reverse IVDD.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATM regulation of IL-8 links oxidative stress to cancer cell migration and invasion

    Wei-Ta Chen et al.
    The ATM kinase has an unanticipated role in tumor progression through the regulation of cell migration by oxidative stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Redox signaling via the molecular chaperone BiP protects cells against endoplasmic reticulum-derived oxidative stress

    Jie Wang et al.
    Direct modification by endogenous peroxide of a conserved cysteine in the molecular chaperone BiP decouples its ATPase and peptide-binding activities, allowing for enhanced polypeptide holdase activity during oxidative stress.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NEIL1 and NEIL2 DNA glycosylases protect neural crest development against mitochondrial oxidative stress

    Dandan Han et al.
    NEIL DNA glycosylases are required to counteract oxidative base damages within the mitochondrial genome to safeguard neural crest cell differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human macular Müller cells rely more on serine biosynthesis to combat oxidative stress than those from the periphery

    Ting Zhang et al.
    The important role of serine biosynthesis in Müller cells may explain why the macula is so much more prone to developing disease than the rest of the retina.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Oxidative stress induces stem cell proliferation via TRPA1/RyR-mediated Ca2+ signaling in the Drosophila midgut

    Chiwei Xu et al.
    In response to tissue damage, reactive oxygen species can be sensed by cation channels TRPA1/RyR to cause increases of cytosolic Ca2+ in intestinal stem cells, activating Ras/MAPK activity and stimulating stem cell proliferation in Drosophila.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    NADPH oxidase-mediated redox signaling promotes oxidative stress resistance and longevity through memo-1 in C. elegans

    Collin Yvès Ewald et al.
    Genetic analysis reveals NADPH oxidase generated reactive oxygen species as signals to re-establish cellular homeostasis during aging via activating a transcriptional response.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Siglec receptors impact mammalian lifespan by modulating oxidative stress

    Flavio Schwarz et al.
    By contributing to the maintenance of ROS homeostasis, CD33-related Siglecs control oxidative damage and influence rate of aging and lifespan.

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