496 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Boosting ATM activity alleviates aging and extends lifespan in a mouse model of progeria

    Minxian Qian et al.
    The ATM-SIRT6 axis integrates the DNA repair machinery to longevity-promoting pathways.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Microbial eukaryotes have adapted to hypoxia by horizontal acquisitions of a gene involved in rhodoquinone biosynthesis

    Courtney W Stairs et al.
    A number of microbial eukaryotes have adapted to low oxygen conditions by acquiring a gene that allows their mitochondrial electron transport chain to continue to function when oxygen is scarce.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    An efficient and scalable pipeline for epitope tagging in mammalian stem cells using Cas9 ribonucleoprotein

    Pooran Singh Dewari et al.
    Biochemical tags can be easily knocked into endogenous genes in mammalian stem cells using optimised and scalable protocols that will enable annotation of protein levels, localisation and interaction partners.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mfn2 ubiquitination by PINK1/parkin gates the p97-dependent release of ER from mitochondria to drive mitophagy

    Gian-Luca McLelland et al.
    A crucial step during the mitophagy cascade involves the disassembly of connections between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum via the retrotranslocation of Mfn2 tethering complexes by the Parkinson's disease genes PARKIN and PINK1, as well as the ATPase VCP/p97.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wnt5a signaling induced phosphorylation increases APT1 activity and promotes melanoma metastatic behavior

    Rochelle Shirin Sadeghi et al.
    Phosphorylation of serine residues 209 and 210 on APT1 increases its depalmitoylating activity, promoting Wnt5a mediated melanoma cell invasion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Acyl chain asymmetry and polyunsaturation of brain phospholipids facilitate membrane vesiculation without leakage

    Marco M Manni et al.
    The asymmetric combination of saturated and polyunsaturated acyl chains in phospholipids as typically observed in synapses makes membranes prone to deformation and fission without compromising their impermeability.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Resilience of small intestinal beneficial bacteria to the toxicity of soybean oil fatty acids

    Sara C Di Rienzi et al.
    Comparisons between lactobacilli bacteria in the small intestine and those evolved in the lab reveal several modes of resistance to toxic fatty acids.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptomic analyses reveal rhythmic and CLOCK-driven pathways in human skeletal muscle

    Laurent Perrin et al.
    Rhythmic transcriptome analyses of human skeletal muscle tissue and cultured primary myotubes reveal an essential role for the circadian coordination of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in human skeletal muscle.

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