611 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mitochondrial biogenesis is transcriptionally repressed in lysosomal lipid storage diseases

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Transcription factors KLF2 and ETV1 repress the transcriptional program of mitochondrial biogenesis, resulting in impaired mitochondrial function in lysosomal storage diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fish-hunting cone snail venoms are a rich source of minimized ligands of the vertebrate insulin receptor

    Peter Ahorukomeye et al.
    The unique modus operandi of cone snail venom insulins provides new insight into insulin receptor activation and informs on the design of insulin analogs for the treatment of diabetes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of a bilirubin receptor that may mediate a component of cholestatic itch

    James Meixiong et al.
    MRGPRX4 is a bilirubin receptor that may be a therapeutic target for patients suffering from cholestatic itch.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single cell functional genomics reveals the importance of mitochondria in cell-to-cell phenotypic variation

    Riddhiman Dhar et al.
    A genome-wide quantitative microscopy screen implicates mitochondria in single cell variation in proliferation and drug resistance in yeast.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cellular acidosis triggers human MondoA transcriptional activity by driving mitochondrial ATP production

    Blake R Wilde et al.
    The MondoA transcription factor localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane where it coordinates an adaptive transcriptional response to elevated cellular energy represented by high cytoplasmic glucose and high mitochondrial ATP.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Exploration of CTCF post-translation modifications uncovers Serine-224 phosphorylation by PLK1 at pericentric regions during the G2/M transition

    Brian C Del Rosario et al.
    The chromosome architectural protein, CTCF, is phosphorylated at Ser224 in a cell-cycle-dependent manner and abrogation of phosphorylation leads to a cell growth defect.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The TRIM-NHL protein NHL-2 is a co-factor in the nuclear and somatic RNAi pathways in C. elegans

    Gregory M Davis et al.
    The RNA-binding protein NHL-2 is required for small-RNA mediated transgenerational epigenetic gene regulation.

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