818 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TRF1 averts chromatin remodelling, recombination and replication dependent-break induced replication at mouse telomeres

    Rosa Maria Porreca et al.
    TRF1 suppresses replication fork stalling, which triggers break induced replication at telomeres associated with DNA damage response, alteration in the telomere chromatin environment, and re-localisation of telomeres to PML bodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning improves decoding of odor identity with phase-referenced oscillations in the olfactory bulb

    Justin Losacco et al.
    Tetrode recordings show that the amplitude of gamma oscillations encodes for information on contextual odorant identity when observed at the peak phase of the theta oscillation in the olfactory bulb.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    PCK1 and DHODH drive colorectal cancer liver metastatic colonization and hypoxic growth by promoting nucleotide synthesis

    Norihiro Yamaguchi et al.
    The gluconeogenic enzyme PCK1 and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic enzyme DHODH drive hypoxic pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis and liver metastatic colonization in colorectal cancer, which is therapeutically exploitable by DHODH pharmacologic inhibition.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human hippocampal CA3 damage disrupts both recent and remote episodic memories

    Thomas D Miller et al.
    Human hippocampal cornu ammonis 3 damage impairs both recent and remote autobiographical episodic memory, and disrupts functional integration in medial temporal lobe subsystem regions of the default network.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The carboxyl-terminal sequence of bim enables bax activation and killing of unprimed cells

    Xiaoke Chi et al.
    The C-terminal membrane binding domain of Bim is shown to interact with and activate Bim enabling it to kill cells not dependent on anti-apoptotic proteins for survival.
    1. Cell Biology

    Magnetic resonance measurements of cellular and sub-cellular membrane structures in live and fixed neural tissue

    Nathan H Williamson et al.
    Low-field single-sided magnetic resonance diffusion methods detect and measure permeability of sub-micron compartments which likely include cell processes, organelles, and cellular vesicles within ex vivo mouse spinal cords.
    1. Ecology

    Substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis of chlorophyll f-containing cyanobacteria in a natural habitat

    Michael Kühl et al.
    Cyanobacteria with chlorophyll f show substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis and can play an important role for primary production in endolithic, intertidal habitats.
    1. Developmental Biology

    tec-1 kinase negatively regulates regenerative neurogenesis in planarians

    Alexander Karge et al.
    RNAi screening in planarians finds that inhibition of the TEC-family protein tyrosine kinase tec-1 increases the regeneration of neurons through enhancement of cell survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Degradation of engulfed mitochondria is rate-limiting in Optineurin-mediated mitophagy in neurons

    Chantell S Evans, Erika LF Holzbaur
    In neuronal mitophagy, Parkin and OPTN induce efficient sequestration of damaged somal mitochondria into autophagosomes, but slow turnover via lysosomal acidification may be a point of vulnerability for the cell.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC and Twist1 cooperate to drive metastasis by eliciting crosstalk between cancer and innate immunity

    Renumathy Dhanasekaran et al.
    MYC and Twist1 drive metastasis by a novel non-cell-autonomous transcriptional mechanism of eliciting a cytokinome that mediates the crosstalk between cancer cells and macrophages, and its therapeutic blockade inhibits metastasis.

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