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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii

    Irini Pateraki et al.
    The entire biosynthetic pathway for the diterpenoid forskolin in Coleus forskohlii has been reconstituted in yeast.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Streptomyces exploration is triggered by fungal interactions and volatile signals

    Stephanie E Jones et al.
    Exploratory growth is a newly discovered mode of Streptomyces growth that it is stimulated by fungi, is pH responsive, and can be communicated to other – physically separated – streptomycetes through airborne compounds.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A selectivity filter at the intracellular end of the acid-sensing ion channel pore

    Timothy Lynagh et al.
    Sodium selectivity of acid-sensing ion channels is mediated by negatively charged side chains and not by a size-exclusion mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Oxygen Sensors: When is a target not a target?

    David C Bersten, Daniel J Peet
    Cells rely on prolyl hydroxylase enzymes to sense low levels of oxygen, but they might act on fewer targets than previously thought.
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    1. Neuroscience

    MeCP2 regulates Tet1-catalyzed demethylation, CTCF binding, and learning-dependent alternative splicing of the BDNF gene in Turtle

    Zhaoqing Zheng et al.
    Loss of MeCP2 function negatively impacts Tet1 and CTCF binding thereby negatively impacting learning-dependent DNA methylation and alternative splicing regulation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Many-molecule encapsulation by an icosahedral shell

    Jason D Perlmutter et al.
    Computational and theoretical models reveal mechanisms by which protein compartments assemble around enzymes and reagents to facilitate reactions in bacteria, allowing the identification of strategies for reengineering such compartments as customizable nanoreactors.
    1. Ecology

    Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean's widest ranging shark

    Marisa Vedor et al.
    Habitats of satellite-tracked blue sharks were shifted surfaceward by an oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) at depth thereby increasing their susceptibility to capture by longline fishing focused above the OMZ.
    1. Plant Biology

    Photosynthesis without β-carotene

    Pengqi Xu et al.
    Tobacco plants containing xanthophyll astaxanthin show that both photosystems are fully functional in the absence of carotenes, and these pigments are not essential for photosynthesis.
    1. Plant Biology

    A cis-carotene derived apocarotenoid regulates etioplast and chloroplast development

    Christopher I Cazzonelli et al.
    Carotenoids are not just required as core components for plastid biogenesis, they can be cleaved into an apocarotenoid signal that regulates etioplast and chloroplast development during extended periods of darkness.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.