47 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Single cell transcriptional signatures of the human placenta in term and preterm parturition

    Roger Pique-Regi et al.
    Parturition gene regulation across multiple cell-types and placental compartments is deciphered at single cell resolution, highlighting the common role of the NFKB pathway in both term and preterm birth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevating acetyl-CoA levels reduces aspects of brain aging

    Antonio Currais et al.
    A novel neuroprotective pathway that enhances acetyl-CoA metabolism via inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 may prevent the contribution of the aging process in the brain to Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomes and whole-brain projections of serotonin neurons in the mouse dorsal and median raphe nuclei

    Jing Ren et al.
    The combination of single-cell transcriptomics and whole-brain mapping of bulk and single-cell projections reveals the relationship between the molecular architecture, cell body distribution, and axonal arborization of serotonin neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The regulation of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the closest sister group of vertebrates

    Shin Matsubara et al.
    Oocyte maturation and ovulation in the sister group of vertebrates, Ciona intestinalis Type A, are triggered by Ci-VP, the Ciona homolog of a typical neruopeptide, vasopressin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide B mediates female sexual receptivity in medaka fish, acting in a female-specific but reversible manner

    Towako Hiraki-Kajiyama et al.
    In the brain of medaka fish, neuropeptide B acts directly downstream of estrogen in a female-specific but reversible manner to mediate female receptivity to male courtship.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Robo2 regulates synaptic oxytocin content by affecting actin dynamics

    Savani Anbalagan et al.
    Real-time monitoring of oxytocin-loaded vesicles and synaptic actin dynamics in zebrafish reveal that Slit3-Robo2-Cdc42 signalling maintains steady-state levels of mature oxytocin neuropeptide readily primed to be secreted upon physiological demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased anxiety and decreased sociability induced by paternal deprivation involve the PVN-PrL OTergic pathway

    Zhixiong He et al.
    The PVN-mPFC OT circuit is an important target for the treatment of disorders related to early adverse experiences.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Beta-catenin signaling regulates barrier-specific gene expression in circumventricular organ and ocular vasculatures

    Yanshu Wang et al.
    Elevating beta-catenin signaling converts endothelial cells in typically fenestrated central nervous system vasculature to a blood-brain barrier (BBB) phenotype and promotes a BBB gene expression program and chromatin landscape.
    1. Neuroscience

    Need-based prioritization of behavior

    C Joseph Burnett et al.
    A rich behavioral data set reveals the complex interactions and influence motivational systems have on one another, driving competition and optimal expression of behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired voice processing in reward and salience circuits predicts social communication in children with autism

    Daniel Arthur Abrams et al.
    Children with autism often 'tune out' the voices in their environment and new results show that impaired processing of voices in the brain's reward system may underlie this social behavior.

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