5,567 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Physiological modulation of BiP activity by trans-protomer engagement of the interdomain linker

    Steffen Preissler et al.
    Interdomain linker-mediated oligomerization of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein BiP responds to the unfolded protein burden
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Symptom evolution following the emergence of maize streak virus

    Adérito L Monjane et al.
    Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate an evolutionary trade-off between the amount of harm inflicted by a broad host-range virus and how effectively the virus positions itself within plants to enable onward transmission.
  1. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate optical uncaging potentiates exocytosis

    Alexander M Walter et al.
    Increasing PI(4,5)P2 on a sub-second timescale using a novel, membrane-permeant UV activatable PI(4,5)P2 molecule augments exocytosis which requires the PI(4,5)P2 interacting exocytotic proteins Munc13-2 and synaptotagmin-1.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Primary and secondary anti-viral response captured by the dynamics and phenotype of individual T cell clones

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    High-throughput clonal tracking quantifies intrinsic differences between primary and secondary T cell response.
    1. Neuroscience
    Scatter plot

    Science Forum: Ten common statistical mistakes to watch out for when writing or reviewing a manuscript

    Tamar R Makin, Jean-Jacques Orban de Xivry
    What can authors and reviewers do to keep common statistical mistakes out of the literature?
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Neuroscience

    eIF2α-mediated translational control regulates the persistence of cocaine-induced LTP in midbrain dopamine neurons

    Andon N Placzek et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2016), we show that translational control by p-eIF2α is a defense mechanism that prevents persistent cocaine-induced synaptic synaptic potentiation underlying compulsive drug seeking.

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