1,381 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    3. Human Biology and Medicine

    Determining the genetic basis of anthracycline-cardiotoxicity by molecular response QTL mapping in induced cardiomyocytes

    David A Knowles et al.
    Genetic variants that modulate transcriptomic response to doxorubicin in human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes are predictive of cardiac damage and in vivo sensitivity to anthracycline cardiotoxicity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ribozyme-catalysed RNA synthesis using triplet building blocks

    James Attwater et al.
    Adopting RNA trinucleotides as substrates, ribozymes can catalyse the copying of structured RNA sequences, allowing self-synthesis by part of a newly evolved symbiotic ribozyme pair.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Group II intron inhibits conjugative relaxase expression in bacteria by mRNA targeting

    Guosheng Qu et al.
    Group II introns can target mRNA, causing inhibition of gene expression, as a potential driver for evolution to the spliceosome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The HIV-1 Tat protein recruits a ubiquitin ligase to reorganize the 7SK snRNP for transcriptional activation

    Tyler B Faust et al.
    The HIV-1 Tat protein hijacks host non-degradative ubiquitination to trigger the nuclear import of the transcription elongation factor, P-TEFb.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomics of the zebrafish's lateral-line neuromast reveals wiring and miswiring in a simple microcircuit

    Eliot Dow et al.
    The technique of serial blockface scanning electron microscopy, which permits the complete reconstruction of neuronal structures, allows comparison of the detailed "wiring diagrams" of lateral-line receptor organs in wild-type and mutant zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social interaction-induced activation of RNA splicing in the amygdala of microbiome-deficient mice

    Roman M Stilling et al.
    Social-interaction impairment in germ-free mice is associated with a markedly altered transcriptional response to social novelty in the amygdala, as characterised by replacement of upregulation of common stimulus-induced pathways with upregulation of the splicing machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral GPCR US28 can signal in response to chemokine agonists of nearly unlimited structural degeneracy

    Timothy F Miles et al.
    Numerous chemokine variants bearing no sequence resemblance elicit similar signaling behavior from the viral GPCR US28, suggesting a mechanism for receptor activation that accommodates extensive ligand degeneracy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-derived CSF-1 induces the NKG2D ligand RAE-1δ on tumor-infiltrating macrophages

    Thornton W Thompson et al.
    Macrophages respond to elevated levels of CSF-1 in tumor micro-environments by expressing a ligand for the NKG2D immunoreceptor.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of robust single cell rhythms in the Arabidopsis circadian clock via spatial waves of gene expression

    Peter D Gould et al.
    Single cell analysis reveals how period differences between cells and cell-to-cell coupling generates the spatial structure of the plant circadian clock.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.

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