269 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Dynamic molecular basis for malfunction in disease mutants of p97/VCP

    Anne K Schuetz, Lewis E Kay
    Point mutations in a ubiquitous human ATPase called p97/VCP deregulate inter-domain communication, resulting in impaired binding of an adaptor that recruits p97 to endosomal pathways and leading to a degenerative disease of bone, muscle and neurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    p97-dependent retrotranslocation and proteolytic processing govern formation of active Nrf1 upon proteasome inhibition

    Senthil K Radhakrishnan et al.
    The enzyme p97/VCP regulates the activity of the transcription factor Nrf1 to promote increased transcription of genes that encode proteasome subunits following inhibition of the proteasome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97) inhibitors relieve Mitofusin-dependent mitochondrial defects due to VCP disease mutants

    Ting Zhang et al.
    A potential medication has been found for the brain and muscle degenerative diseases caused by mutant forms of Valosin-Containing Protein.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in the developing visual cortex

    Wuqiang Guan et al.
    Our work demonstrated that eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission from Sst-INs and FS-INs to excitatory neurons in the mammalian cortex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Paradoxical resistance of multiple myeloma to proteasome inhibitors by decreased levels of 19S proteasomal subunits

    Diego Acosta-Alvear et al.
    The nodes of the cytosolic proteostasis network can control sensitivity to proteasome inhibitors and decreased levels of the 19S proteasomal regulator can lead to increased resistance to inhibitors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mfn2 ubiquitination by PINK1/parkin gates the p97-dependent release of ER from mitochondria to drive mitophagy

    Gian-Luca McLelland et al.
    A crucial step during the mitophagy cascade involves the disassembly of connections between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum via the retrotranslocation of Mfn2 tethering complexes by the Parkinson's disease genes PARKIN and PINK1, as well as the ATPase VCP/p97.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse sinus injections drive robust whole-brain expression of transgenes

    Ali S Hamodi et al.
    A new viral injection method targets the transverse sinuses to achieve robust whole-brain delivery of single or multiple genes in multiple mammalian species early in development.

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