43 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Preliminary paleohistological observations of the StW 573 (‘Little Foot’) skull

    Amélie Beaudet et al.
    Virtual investigation of the 3.67-million-year-old skull of 'Little Foot' using synchrotron radiation reveals histological details of Australopithecus dental and bone tissues.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The developmental relationship between teeth and dermal odontodes in the most primitive bony fish Lophosteus

    Donglei Chen et al.
    Teeth and dermal odontodes diverge from the same set of founder odontodes, demonstrating they are modified subsets of the same system, and both oral and dermal epithelial have patterning capacity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chimpanzee brain morphometry utilizing standardized MRI preprocessing and macroanatomical annotations

    Sam Vickery et al.
    Openly available structural imaging processing pipeline for chimpanzees including registration templates and macro-anatomical parcellation shows human-like cerebral aging and medial hemispheric organization.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Lichen mimesis in mid-Mesozoic lacewings

    Hui Fang et al.
    The earliest fossil evidence of a mimetic relationship between the Jurassic moth lacewing Lichenipolystoechotes and its co-occurring fossil lichen Daohugouthallus predates modern lichen-insect associations by 165 million years.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: International authorship and collaboration across bioRxiv preprints

    Richard J Abdill et al.
    An analysis of 67,885 preprints on bioRxiv finds evidence for disparities in international participation that are similar to the disparities found in conventional journals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of the vestibular apparatus in apes and humans

    Alessandro Urciuoli et al.
    The morphology of the inner ear distinguishes major anthropoid clades and enables the proposal of various shared-derived features for apes as a whole, lesser apes, and great apes and humans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution: Mapping the ancestry of primates

    Ignacio Martínez, Mercedes Conde-Valverde
    Structures in the inner ear can help determine the evolutionary relationship between extinct and living primates.
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    Innovation Leaders 2020: Meet our mentors and experts

    We introduce the mentors and experts supporting our new mentorship and open leadership training programme.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Giant extinct caiman breaks constraint on the axial skeleton of extant crocodylians

    Torsten M Scheyer et al.
    The giant caiman Purussaurus from the Miocene of Venezuela is the first recorded member of crown Crocodylia having three sacrals, thus breaking the otherwise strict vertebral constraint of the group.

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