232 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells

    Laura Marroqui et al.
    Pancreatic α and β cells have different cell autonomous signatures; this explains why α but not β cells can clear infections by potentially diabetogenic viruses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo reprogramming of pancreatic acinar cells to three islet endocrine subtypes

    Weida Li et al.
    Combinations of transcription factors can convert pancreatic acinar cells into endocrine α-, β- and δ-cells in vivo.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Matrix-regulated integrin αvβ5 maintains α5β1-dependent desmoplastic traits prognostic of neoplastic recurrence

    Janusz Franco-Barraza et al.
    Stromal cell levels and localization of active α5β1-integrin are regulated by desmoplastic extracellular matrix control of αvβ5-integrin signaling, and predict clinical outcomes for pancreatic and renal cancer patients.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epigenetic modulation of type-1 diabetes via a dual effect on pancreatic macrophages and β cells

    Wenxian Fu et al.
    A short treatment of the NOD mouse model of type-1 diabetes with I-BET151, a small molecule bromodomain blocker, provides long-term protection from disease by inducing macrophages to adapt an anti-inflammatory tenor whilst promoting islet β cell regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Expansion and conversion of human pancreatic ductal cells into insulin-secreting endocrine cells

    Jonghyeob Lee et al.
    Cells from the human pancreatic duct can be grown in culture and triggered to become insulin-producing cells, which could potentially be transplanted into patients with diabetes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Adrb2 controls glucose homeostasis by developmental regulation of pancreatic islet vasculature

    Alexis M Ceasrine et al.
    β2-adrenergic receptors control glucose metabolism by regulating cross-talk between pancreatic islet endocrine cells and vasculature during development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Genetic evidence that Nkx2.2 acts primarily downstream of Neurog3 in pancreatic endocrine lineage development

    Angela J Churchill et al.
    The regulation of beta cell induction requires combined hierarchical and combinatorial transcriptional networks.

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