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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TGFβ-dependent expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 controls CD8+ T cell anergy in transplant tolerance

    Marije Baas et al.
    The interplay between the cytokine TGFβ and the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway promotes CD8+ T cell anergy and tolerance towards transplanted tissues.
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin is essential for lipid homeostasis and survival under insulin deficiency and promotes β-cell regeneration

    Risheng Ye et al.
    Under insulinopenic conditions, the hormone adiponectin is essential for lipid uptake specifically in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, and is sufficient to ameliorate islet lipotoxicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    HNF1A is a novel oncogene that regulates human pancreatic cancer stem cell properties

    Ethan V Abel et al.
    HNF1A, a risk factor gene for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, is critical to maintaining pancreatic cancer stem cell properties through regulating POU5F1 (OCT4) expression, providing a novel role for HNF1A in maintenance of the disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CRIg, a tissue-resident macrophage specific immune checkpoint molecule, promotes immunological tolerance in NOD mice, via a dual role in effector and regulatory T cells

    Xiaomei Yuan et al.
    Tissue-resident macrophages sense environmental cues and regulate adaptive immunity via an immune checkpoint molecule CRIg.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Arid1a restrains Kras-dependent changes in acinar cell identity

    Geulah Livshits et al.
    Arid1a loss in the pancreas enables an irreversible reprogramming of cell fate that is dependent on both cellular and genetic context.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Exophilin-8 assembles secretory granules for exocytosis in the actin cortex via interaction with RIM-BP2 and myosin-VIIa

    Fushun Fan et al.
    Analyses of knockout mice and a biochemical screen of interacting proteins reveal that exophilin-8 forms a large network of protein interactions to efficiently retain secretory granules beneath the plasma membrane for exocytosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved studies define the nature of toxic IAPP intermediates, providing insight for anti-amyloidosis therapeutics

    Andisheh Abedini et al.
    Toxic IAPP intermediates have some molecular features that are similar to, and others that are distinct from, toxic species reported for other amyloidogenic polypeptides.