Predicting the pandemic potential of influenza viruses from genetic sequence data could transform pandemic risk assessment but progress towards this goal will require the integration of experimental work, computational tools, and virus surveillance.
Swine populations worldwide are sporadically infected by influenza viruses from humans and birds leading to geographically heterogeneous swine influenza virus populations that pose epizootic and pandemic threats.
High-resolution risk estimates of opisthorchiasis were produced in major endemic countries of Southeast Asia, providing valuable information for guiding disease control and serving as a baseline for future progress assessment.
The longer duration of seasonal influenza virus infection in young children may provide opportunities for within-host evolution as a result of maintenance of genetic diversity through mutation-selection balance.
New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.