88 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Development and genetics of red coloration in the zebrafish relative Danio albolineatus

    Delai Huang et al.
    In the zebrafish relative Danio albolineatus, red erythrophores share a common progenitor with yellow xanthophores and require Cyp2ae2 and Bdh1a for accumulation of red ketocarotenoid pigment.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reduced antibody cross-reactivity following infection with B.1.1.7 than with parental SARS-CoV-2 strains

    Nikhil Faulkner et al.
    Heterotypic immunity, the ability of immunity induced by one SARS-CoV-2 variant to protect against another, is asymmetric, with the UK (B.1.1.7) variant, eliciting weaker heterotypic immunity than other variants.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical H3K79me2-dependent pathways promote the survival of MLL-rearranged leukemia

    William F Richter et al.
    FLT3-ITD/STAT5A signaling is more sensitive to Dot1L inhibition than the canonical MLL-fusion activated drivers of leukemogenesis, providing a potential therapeutic avenue for one of the most frequent lesions in leukemia.
    1. Cell Biology

    Micron-scale geometrical features of microtubules as regulators of microtubule organization

    Nandini Mani et al.
    Micron-scale geometrical features of individual microtubule polymers and polymer networks encode information that guides the self-organization of microtubules into specialized structures for diverse cellular functions such as cell division and signaling in eukaryotic cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric localization of the cell division machinery during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Kanika Khanna et al.
    During sporulation, FtsAZ filaments mediating cell division in Bacillus subtilis are positioned asymmetrically around the septum only on the mother cell side, making the septum thinner than during vegetative growth.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rampant tooth loss across 200 million years of frog evolution

    Daniel J Paluh et al.
    Teeth are maintained in two amphibian groups (caecilians and salamanders) but were lost in frogs over 20 times independently, a higher incidence of edentulism than any other major vertebrate group.
    1. Neuroscience

    No relationship between frontal alpha asymmetry and depressive disorders in a multiverse analysis of five studies

    Aleksandra Kołodziej et al.
    A multiverse approach consisting of 270 analyses on five independent studies fails to replicate the most common electrophysiological indicator of depression, which is asymmetry of alpha power in frontal regions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Co-regulation and function of FOXM1/RHNO1 bidirectional genes in cancer

    Carter J Barger et al.
    FOXM1 is co-expressed with its bidirectional gene partner RHNO1, and the two genes promote DNA repair, cell growth and survival, and chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    eNOS-induced vascular barrier disruption in retinopathy by c-Src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin

    Takeshi Ninchoji et al.
    Vascular leakage from pathological vessels in retinopathy aggravates the disease, but endothelial junction stability and barrier integrity can be restored by blocking formation of nitric oxide.

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