88 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    R-spondin signalling is essential for the maintenance and differentiation of mouse nephron progenitors

    Valerie PI Vidal et al.
    In the developing kidney, secreted molecules of the R-spondin family control progenitor cell proliferation and nephron formation by permitting WNT/β-catenin signalling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The transcriptomic response of cells to a drug combination is more than the sum of the responses to the monotherapies

    Jennifer EL Diaz et al.
    The transcriptomic profiles of the constituent monotherapies of synergistic drug pairs tend to be correlated and result in novel gene expression in the combinations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genomic and healthcare dynamics of nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 transmission

    Jamie M Ellingford et al.
    Characterisation of SARS-CoV-2 genomic divergence in healthcare-associated outbreaks demonstrates that the inclusion of healthcare workers in contact networks identifies additional links in SARS-CoV-2 transmission pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Co-movement of astral microtubules, organelles and F-actin by dynein and actomyosin forces in frog egg cytoplasm

    James F Pelletier et al.
    Live imaging of multiple cytoplasmic networks in frog egg extracts calls for new models for how egg cytoplasm is physically organized during cleavage divisions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Optical estimation of absolute membrane potential using fluorescence lifetime imaging

    Julia R Lazzari-Dean et al.
    Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, paired with fluorescent, voltage-sensitive dyes, provides a method for measuring and quantifying membrane potentials of living cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of tissue cell polarity by auxin transport and signaling

    Carla Verna et al.
    GNOM controls both auxin transport and auxin signaling to coordinate tissue cell polarity during vein patterning in plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Guanidine hydrochloride reactivates an ancient septin hetero-oligomer assembly pathway in budding yeast

    Courtney R Johnson et al.
    A naturally-occurring small molecule acts as a chemical chaperone in vivo to alter the folding of a budding yeast septin and promote an oligomerization pathway that was lost during evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of limb development in cephalopod mollusks

    Oscar A Tarazona et al.
    Cuttlefish embryos reveal that cephalopod mollusks evolved specialized arms and tentacles by activating the same genetic circuits that control development of limbs in arthropods and vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain signatures of a multiscale process of sequence learning in humans

    Maxime Maheu et al.
    Evidence for multiple brain systems for sequence processing involving statistical inferences at multiple scales.

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