316 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pituitary stem cells produce paracrine WNT signals to control the expansion of their descendant progenitor cells

    John P Russell et al.
    Stem cells of the pituitary gland contribute to organ growth cell non-autonomously by promoting proliferation of committed progenitors through WNT ligand secretion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Paracrine communication maximizes cellular response fidelity in wound signaling

    L Naomi Handly et al.
    There are inherent tradeoffs in the control of cellular response variability by paracrine communication during the establishment of initial wound response signaling gradients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-synaptic synchrony and transmission of signal and noise across the mouse retina

    William N Grimes et al.
    Cells within the retina synchronize transmitter release across their output synapses in the dark, reducing the impact of noise generated at these synapses and allowing light-dependent signals to be transmitted with minimal added synaptic noise.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Antagonistic regulation by insulin-like peptide and activin ensures the elaboration of appropriate dendritic field sizes of amacrine neurons

    Jiangnan Luo et al.
    Afferent-derived factors control the elaboration of appropriate and robust sizes of dendritic arbors by dynamically modulating dendritic growth parameters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light-dependent pathways for dopaminergic amacrine cell development and function

    Teona Munteanu et al.
    Rods, not ipRGCs, are the major retinal photoreceptor impacting development of dopaminergic signaling in the retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A feedback amplification loop between stem cells and their progeny promotes tissue regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Jun Chen et al.
    A newly discovered feedback amplification loop between stem cells and their immediate daughter progenitor cells drives epithelial regeneration and tumor development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transmembrane chemokines act as receptors in a novel mechanism termed inverse signaling

    Kirsten Hattermann et al.
    In a new mechanism of cellular communication termed “inverse signaling", a transmembrane chemokine acts as a "receptor" for its previously shed form.

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