68 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rai1 frees mice from the repression of active wake behaviors by light

    Shanaz Diessler et al.
    Halving dosage of the Smith-Magenis syndrome responsible gene Rai1 in the mouse greatly amplifies the direct, suppressing effects of light on active-wake behavior through increased activation of the ventral-subparaventricular zone.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive evolution of an essential telomere protein restricts telomeric retrotransposons

    Bastien Saint-Leandre et al.
    Evolution strictly preserves telomere stability but rapidly diversifies telomere length regulation in Drosophila.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A repressor-decay timer for robust temporal patterning in embryonic Drosophila neuroblast lineages

    Inna Averbukh et al.
    The demand for robust performance distinguishes the mechanism which progresses the biological timer acting within neural progenitors to determine neuronal fates in the Drosophila embryo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral mGluR5 availability contributes to elevated sleep need and behavioral adjustment after sleep deprivation

    Sebastian C Holst et al.
    Multi-modal imaging, genetic and behavioral findings in humans and mice revealed that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 contribute to the molecular machinery keeping track of sleep need and coping with physiological and behavioral consequences of sleep loss, pointing to novel targets for improved wakefulness and sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Re-expression of SynGAP protein in adulthood improves translatable measures of brain function and behavior

    Thomas K Creson et al.
    Severe neurodevelopmental disorder risk gene functions are retained into adulthood and they contribute to disease phenotypes, indicating that these patients may respond to treatments throughout life.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chemogenetic inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex reverses the effects of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption

    Kristopher McEown et al.
    Loss of REM sleep increases sucrose and fat consumption in mice; and inhibiting the prefrontal cortex reverses the increased consumption of sucrose, but not fat, following REM sleep loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Reassessment of the involvement of Snord115 in the serotonin 2c receptor pathway in a genetically relevant mouse model

    Jade Hebras et al.
    Knockout of Snord115 has mild impact on expression and function of the serotonin 2C receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    nNOS-expressing interneurons control basal and behaviorally evoked arterial dilation in somatosensory cortex of mice

    Christina T Echagarruga et al.
    The diameter of cortical arteries is not controlled by the overall neural activity, but rather by a subset of specialized neurons.

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