811 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Latrophilin-2 and latrophilin-3 are redundantly essential for parallel-fiber synapse function in cerebellum

    Roger Shen Zhang et al.
    Knockout of both latrophilin-2 and latrophilin-3 from Purkinje cells in mice selectively impairs parallel-fiber synapses, revealing a redundant but critical function for latrophilins at specific synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Occurrence of long-term depression in the cerebellar flocculus during adaptation of optokinetic response

    Takuma Inoshita, Tomoo Hirano
    Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergism of type 1 metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors in cerebellar molecular layer interneurons in vivo

    Jin Bao et al.
    During parallel fibre activity in vivo, postsynaptic mGluR1 receptors in molecular layer interneurons of the cerebellar cortex are engaged in a frequency-dependent manner and in concert with inotropic glutamate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-dependent mobilization of heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles shapes presynaptic plasticity

    Frédéric Doussau et al.
    The mobilization or silencing of two heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles via different frequencies probably enables granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses to better discriminate between the high-rate code of sensory information and background noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae

    Mohini Sengupta, Vatsala Thirumalai
    In vivo recordings in unanesthetized zebrafish larvae show that Purkinje neurons have two stable membrane potential states and that climbing fiber inputs can toggle them to up states during motor episodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition gates supralinear Ca2+ signaling in Purkinje cell dendrites during practiced movements

    Michael A Gaffield et al.
    In behaving mice, inhibition from molecular layer interneurons attenuates excitation of Purkinje cells by parallel fibers and suppresses their ability to enhance climbing fiber-triggered dendritic Ca2+ responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped spatial patterns of functional synaptic connectivity in the cerebellar cortex

    Antoine M Valera et al.
    Functional synaptic organization in the cerebellar cortex is stereotyped and associates distant modules through parallel fibers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Cytoskeleton: The mother of all actins?

    Felipe Merino, Stefan Raunser
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: Multitasking on the run

    Mary E Hatten, Stephen G Lisberger
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