261 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish and mouse model for selective pruritus via direct activation of TRPA1

    Kali Esancy et al.
    A pain-relaying ion channel on a hypersensitive population of sensory neurons can instead elicit sensations of itch in both fish and mice when directly activated, providing a novel model of itch transduction.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Plant Biology

    An N-terminal motif in NLR immune receptors is functionally conserved across distantly related plant species

    Hiroaki Adachi et al.
    The MADA motif is functionally conserved across NLRs from distantly related plants and has degenerated in sensor NLRs over evolutionary time.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for mammalian nucleotide sugar transport

    Shivani Ahuja, Matthew R Whorton
    Crystal structures of the mouse CMP-sialic acid transporter in complex with both CMP and CMP-sialic acid reveal the mechanisms of substrate selectivity and transport.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Codon choice directs constitutive mRNA levels in trypanosomes

    Janaina de Freitas Nascimento et al.
    The information for mRNAs expression level is set by codon choice in trypanosomes and requires translation to be interpreted into a turnover rate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synchronized HIV assembly by tunable PIP2 changes reveals PIP2 requirement for stable Gag anchoring

    Frauke Mücksch et al.
    PI(4,5)P2 plays a much broader role during the HIV-1 particle assembly process than assumed; it is indispensable not only for recruitment of Gag to the plasma membrane but also for the maintenance of Gag assemblies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T cells swarm by homotypic chemokine signalling

    Jorge Luis Galeano Niño et al.
    Killer T cells swarm around tumour targets by accelerating the recruitment of distant T cells, which upon arrival and target engagement augment the chemotactic signal in a positive feedback loop.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ribosomal profiling during prion disease uncovers progressive translational derangement in glia but not in neurons

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.

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