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    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals hidden transcriptional variation in malaria parasites

    Adam J Reid et al.
    Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common virulence gene expression in adult first-time infected malaria patients and severe cases

    J Stephan Wichers et al.
    Parasites with pathogenic variant surface antigens are common in adult malaria patients with a naive immune status.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling the metabolic interplay between a parasitic worm and its bacterial endosymbiont allows the identification of novel drug targets

    David M Curran et al.
    A genome scale model of Brugia malayi metabolism illustrates a dynamic reliance on energy production pathways across its life cycle and identifies new drugs with experimentally supported anti-parasitic properties.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase with bound native cardiolipin

    Alexander Mühleip et al.
    The atomic model of a mitochondrial ATP synthase dimer underlies functions of its specific protein constituents and boundary cardiolipins.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A comparative transcriptomic analysis of replicating and dormant liver stages of the relapsing malaria parasite Plasmodium cynomolgi

    Annemarie Voorberg-van der Wel et al.
    This comprehensive transcriptomic resource of dormant and replicating malaria liver parasites highlights the dearth of pathways that operate in the hypnozoites and the need to investigate druggability (i.e. selectivity and safety) of core pathways in malaria parasites.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity

    Patpicha Arunsan et al.
    Gene knockout of liver fluke granulin by CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates the virulence of infection with a carcinogenic liver fluke.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary diversification of the trypanosome haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor from an ancestral haemoglobin receptor

    Harriet Lane-Serff et al.
    The ligand specificity and expression profile of the haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor has diversified throughout the evolution of trypanosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential, kinetoplastid-specific GDP-Fuc: β-D-Gal α-1,2-fucosyltransferase is located in the mitochondrion of Trypanosoma brucei

    Giulia Bandini et al.
    The activity, localization, and essentiality of TbFUT1, together with its ability to complement Leishmania parasites lacking the homologous gene, suggest the presence of an uncommon and conserved mitochondrial fucosylation pathway required for kinetoplastid parasites viability.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Region-specific regulation of stem cell-driven regeneration in tapeworms

    Tania Rozario et al.
    Tapeworms grow and regenerate using stem cells distributed throughout their bodies, but their regeneration competence relies upon the unique micro-environment created by the head and neck.