228 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ribosomal profiling during prion disease uncovers progressive translational derangement in glia but not in neurons

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phosphatidylcholines from Pieris brassicae eggs activate an immune response in Arabidopsis

    Elia Stahl et al.
    Plants detect the presence of phospholipids in eggs from a herbivorous insect and trigger innate immunity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Symbiont-mediated cytoplasmic incompatibility: what have we learned in 50 years?

    J Dylan Shropshire et al.
    This review serves as a gateway to experimental, conceptual, and quantitative themes of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) and outlines significant gaps in the understanding of CI's mechanism that are ripe for investigation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and Hsp70 protect Plasmodium falciparum from heat-induced cell death

    Kuan-Yi Lu et al.
    Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate interacts with PfHsp70-1 and stabilizes the Plasmodium digestive vacuole under febrile temperatures.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Large domains of heterochromatin direct the formation of short mitotic chromosome loops

    Maximilian H Fitz-James et al.
    Large regions of foreign DNA inserted into mammalian chromosomes assemble into H3K9me3-heterochromatin and result in increased condensin loading with organisation into shorter mitotic chromosome loops than endogenous DNA.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Eco-evolutionary dynamics of nested Darwinian populations and the emergence of community-level heredity

    Guilhem Doulcier et al.
    Artificial selection on communities drives the evolution of interactions and establishes community-level inheritance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Alternative splicing of coq-2 controls the levels of rhodoquinone in animals

    June H Tan et al.
    The switch from ubiquinone to rhodoquinone synthesis that is required for parasitic helminths to survive in anaerobic host tissues is due to alternative splicing of polyprenyltransferase COQ-2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Temperature stress induces mites to help their carrion beetle hosts by eliminating rival blowflies

    Syuan-Jyun Sun, Rebecca M Kilner
    Temperature, the presence of an enemy species and the density of the mutualistic partner species interact to determine the expression of a protective mutualism.

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