5,132 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bipartite binding and partial inhibition links DEPTOR and mTOR in a mutually antagonistic embrace

    Maren Heimhalt et al.
    The inhibitory protein DEPTOR make two widely separated interactions with mTOR that are both necessary for its unique partial mTOR inhibition, and DEPTOR is a more potent inhibitor of mutation- or RHEB-activated mTORC1 than basal mTORC1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glycinergic axonal inhibition subserves acute spatial sensitivity to sudden increases in sound intensity

    Tom P Franken et al.
    The location of impact sounds, common stimuli whose detection is crucial for survival, is encoded by a precise interaction between excitation and inhibition rather than coincidence detection of excitatory events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of protein synthesis and DNA methylation in the consolidation and maintenance of long-term memory in Aplysia

    Kaycey Pearce et al.
    Behavioral and synaptic investigations of long-term memory in Aplysia reveal differing roles for DNA methylation, protein synthesis during training and protein synthesis shortly after training with respect to memory consolidation and maintenance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATR/Mec1 prevents lethal meiotic recombination initiation on partially replicated chromosomes in budding yeast

    Hannah G Blitzblau, Andreas Hochwagen
    During meiosis, budding yeast use a checkpoint involving the protein Mec1 to prevent the formation of double-strand breaks in DNA that has not completed replication.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prefrontal-bed nucleus of the stria terminalis circuit limits fear to uncertain threat

    Lucas R Glover et al.
    A neural circuit between the prefrontal cortex and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is shown to limit fear to cues that only partially associate with threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Suppression and facilitation of human neural responses

    Michael-Paul Schallmo et al.
    Spatial suppression during motion perception reflects reduced neural response magnitudes in visual areas but is not primarily driven by neural inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A geometric attractor mechanism for self-organization of entorhinal grid modules

    Louis Kang, Vijay Balasubramanian
    The hierarchy of entorhinal grid cell modules with constant scale ratios can self-organize through a new geometrically organized attractor mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous activity patterns in the dentate gyrus during immobility

    Martin Pofahl et al.
    Two-photon in vivo calcium imaging reveals short time-scale, synchronous and sparse population activity in dentate gyrus that replays place-related information, and is important for formation of dentate-dependent spatial memory.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Integrated β-catenin, BMP, PTEN, and Notch signalling patterns the nephron

    Nils O Lindström et al.
    The patterning of the nephron is driven by a gradient in the activity of β-catenin and further defined by a network of BMP, PTEN and NOTCH signalling.

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