211 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gjd2b-mediated gap junctions promote glutamatergic synapse formation and dendritic elaboration in Purkinje neurons

    Sahana Sitaraman et al.
    A protein that is a building block of intercellular bridges between neurons promotes their ability to grow dendrites and make synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing through pulvinar mediated suppression

    Xiao-lin Chou et al.
    Electrophysiological recording and optogenetic manipulation approaches reveal that a multisensory bottom-up SC-LP-A1 pathway plays a role in contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Restoration of Mecp2 expression in GABAergic neurons is sufficient to rescue multiple disease features in a mouse model of Rett syndrome

    Kerstin Ure et al.
    Genetically restoring Mecp2 expression only in GABAergic neurons in a mouse model of Rett syndrome improves inhibitory signaling, extends lifespan and rescues most but not all behavioral deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    PreBötzinger complex neurons drive respiratory modulation of blood pressure and heart rate

    Clément Menuet et al.
    The PreBötzinger complex, which contains neurons that are the kernel for inspiratory rhythm generation, also contains sympathoexcitatory and parasympathoinhibitory neurons that drive respiratory-phase oscillations in blood pressure and heart rate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peripheral optogenetic stimulation induces whisker movement and sensory perception in head-fixed mice

    Sunmee Park et al.
    Light can be used to trigger the contraction of facial muscles and movement of the whiskers in transgenic mice, aiding the study of active sensation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific roles for AKT in affective behavior, spatial memory, and extinction related to psychiatric disorders

    Helen Wong et al.
    Murine behavioral testing and biochemical experiments reveal AKT isoform- and sex-dependent mechanisms regulating affective behavior, memory formation, and extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three rules govern thalamocortical connectivity of fast-spike inhibitory interneurons in the visual cortex

    Yulia Bereshpolova et al.
    In the visual system, three rules guide the thalamocortical connectivity of cortical fast-spike interneurons and are key to understand the potent and broadly tuned feed-forward inhibition that they generate.

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